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RATIONALE: Antiemetic drugs may help to reduce or prevent nausea and vomiting in patients treated with chemotherapy. It is not known whether receiving dexamethasone with granisetron is more effective than receiving dexamethasone with metoclopramide for reducing the side effects of chemotherapy.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of dexamethasone with either granisetron or metoclopramide in patients treated with chemotherapy.
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the clinical efficacy and safety of Granisetron or Metoclopramide in combination with Dexamethasone in the prophylaxis of delayed nausea and vomiting induced by emetogenic cancer chemotherapy in patients with or without emesis in the acute phase.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind study. Patients are stratified by prior chemotherapy (yes vs no), regular alcohol consumption (yes vs no), and prior chemotherapy regimen (cisplatin/carboplatin vs others). Patients receive dexamethasone and granisetron by mouth bid on day 0. Patients are then randomized to receive either granisetron or metoclopramide with dexamethasone concurrently with chemotherapy. Arm I: Patients receive granisetron by mouth bid on days 1-5. Dexamethasone and a placebo are administered by mouth once daily on days 1-5. Arm II: Patients receive metoclopramide by mouth tid on days 1-5. Dexamethasone is administered by mouth once daily on days 1-5. Patients must complete a diary card daily for 6 days.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue 360 patients.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Nausea and Vomiting
dexamethasone, granisetron hydrochloride, metoclopramide hydrochloride
Istituto Europeo Di Oncologia
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:47-0400
Nausea and vomiting are frequently occurring problems in the palliative phase of patients with cancer. Between 20-50% of them regularly suffer from nausea, retching or vomiting. Often the ...
RATIONALE: Antiemetic drugs, such as aprepitant, granisetron, and dexamethasone, may help lessen or prevent nausea and vomiting in patients treated with chemotherapy. PURPOSE: This clinic...
RATIONALE: Antiemetic drugs such as granisetron may help to prevent nausea and vomiting in patients treated with chemotherapy. PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effective...
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To compare palonosetron with granisetron hydrochloride as a control in the efficacy of intravenous single dose in preventing acute and delayed gastro-intestinal disorders, such as nausea a...
Prophylaxis or therapy with a combination of a neurokinin 1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist (RA), a 5-hydroxytryptamine- 3 (5-HT3) RA, and dexamethasone is recommended by international antiemesis guideline...
Combination antiemetic therapy has become common practice for the prevention of nausea and vomiting caused by anticancer drugs. In this study, we investigated the stability of azasetron hydrochloride ...
The approach to the treatment of nausea and vomiting in a cancer patient should begin with a complete assessment, including the frequency, duration, and intensity of the nausea/vomiting; associated ac...
Prophylaxis or therapy with a combination of a neurokinin 1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist (RA), a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) RA, and dexamethasone is recommended by international antiemesis guidelines...
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4(1-Naphthylvinyl)pyridine hydrochloride. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Synonym: YuB 25.
Used in the form of the hydrochloride as a reagent in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.
Drugs used to prevent NAUSEA or VOMITING. Antiemetics act by a wide range of mechanisms. Some act on the medullary control centers (the vomiting center and the chemoreceptive trigger zone) while others affect the peripheral receptors.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
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