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Drugs to Reduce the Side Effects of Chemotherapy

2014-08-27 03:58:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Antiemetic drugs may help to reduce or prevent nausea and vomiting in patients treated with chemotherapy. It is not known whether receiving dexamethasone with granisetron is more effective than receiving dexamethasone with metoclopramide for reducing the side effects of chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of dexamethasone with either granisetron or metoclopramide in patients treated with chemotherapy.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the clinical efficacy and safety of Granisetron or Metoclopramide in combination with Dexamethasone in the prophylaxis of delayed nausea and vomiting induced by emetogenic cancer chemotherapy in patients with or without emesis in the acute phase.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind study. Patients are stratified by prior chemotherapy (yes vs no), regular alcohol consumption (yes vs no), and prior chemotherapy regimen (cisplatin/carboplatin vs others). Patients receive dexamethasone and granisetron by mouth bid on day 0. Patients are then randomized to receive either granisetron or metoclopramide with dexamethasone concurrently with chemotherapy. Arm I: Patients receive granisetron by mouth bid on days 1-5. Dexamethasone and a placebo are administered by mouth once daily on days 1-5. Arm II: Patients receive metoclopramide by mouth tid on days 1-5. Dexamethasone is administered by mouth once daily on days 1-5. Patients must complete a diary card daily for 6 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue 360 patients.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Nausea and Vomiting

Intervention

dexamethasone, granisetron hydrochloride, metoclopramide hydrochloride

Location

Istituto Europeo Di Oncologia
Milano
Italy
20141

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.

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4(1-Naphthylvinyl)pyridine hydrochloride. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Synonym: YuB 25.

Used in the form of the hydrochloride as a reagent in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.

Drugs used to prevent NAUSEA or VOMITING. Antiemetics act by a wide range of mechanisms. Some act on the medullary control centers (the vomiting center and the chemoreceptive trigger zone) while others affect the peripheral receptors.

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