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Bryostatin and Vincristine in B-Cell Malignancies

2014-08-27 03:58:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of bryostatin-1 when given together with vincristine in treating patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, or multiple myeloma.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of bryostatin 1 when combined with vincristine in patients with B-cell malignancies. II. Assess clinical responses in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of bryostatin 1. Patients receive bryostatin 1 IV over 24 hours followed immediately by vincristine IV. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients completing 6 courses of therapy may receive subsequent courses every 3 weeks and then every 4 weeks after 24 months of treatment. Patients may return to a 2- or 3-week treatment course at the discretion of the principal investigator. Cohorts of 3 patients receive escalating doses of bryostatin 1 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 1 of 3 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 18 patients will be accrued for this study within 12-15 months.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Leukemia

Intervention

bryostatin 1, vincristine sulfate

Location

Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland
Ohio
United States
44106-5065

Status

Completed

Source

Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:48-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.

An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 3.1.6.13.

A replication-defective strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) capable of transforming lymphoid cells and producing a rapidly progressing lymphoid leukemia after superinfection with FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; MOLONEY MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; or RAUSCHER VIRUS.

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