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Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma That Has Recurred Following Bone Marrow Transplantation

2014-08-27 03:58:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: White blood cells from donors may be able to kill cancer cells in patients with multiple myeloma that has recurred following bone marrow transplantation.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving donor white blood cells works in treating patients with recurrent multiple myeloma who have undergone bone marrow transplantation.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Assess the response rate of patients with recurrent multiple myeloma after an allogeneic marrow transplant from a genotypically HLA identical sibling donor treated with donor lymphocyte infusions as salvage therapy .

- Evaluate the safety and toxicity of this treatment when used as salvage therapy in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive initial cell dose of donor lymphocytes (CD3+ cells) IV over 15-30 minutes. Patients with rapidly progressive disease may skip the initial cell dose and proceed directly to dose escalation to receive CD3+ cells at a higher cell dose. Patients who achieve complete response to the initial treatment may receive up to 2 additional courses of escalating doses of CD3+ cells 8-12 weeks apart in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients are evaluated at 4 and 8 weeks after each infusion. Patients with disease progression at 8 weeks are retreated at that time. Patients who achieve partial response or stable disease at 8 weeks are re-evaluated at 12 weeks and may then be retreated.

Patients are followed every 2 weeks for 3 months, once a month for 9 months, and then every 2 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 22 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm

Intervention

therapeutic allogeneic lymphocytes

Location

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02215

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:48-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

Anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody that exerts immunosuppressive effects by inducing peripheral T-cell depletion and modulation of the T-cell receptor complex (CD3/Ti). This biochemically purified IMMUNOGLOBULIN G is obtained through the fusion of mouse myeloma cells to lymphocytes from immunized animals to produce hybridomas that secrete specific antibodies to the T3 (CD3) antigens of human T-lymphocytes. It is often used as an IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE AGENTS in TRANSPLANTATION.

A nonproliferative disorder of the PLASMA CELL characterized by excessive production and misfolding of IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS that form insoluble amyloid fibrils (see AMYLOID DEPOSITS) in various tissues. Clinical features include LIVER FAILURE; MULTIPLE MYELOMA; NEPHROTIC SYNDROME; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY, and neuropathies.

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