Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number of immune cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill cancer cells. Combining vaccine therapy, sargramostim, and interleukin-2 may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy, sargramostim, and interleukin-2 in treating patients who have advanced tumors.
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the safety of sequentially administered vaccinia-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) vaccine and ALVAC-CEA vaccine (CEA-Avipox vaccine) in two schedules and with the addition of sargramostim (GM-CSF) plus or minus interleukin-2 (IL-2) in patients with CEA expressing tumors. II. Compare the CEA-specific cellular immune response in cancer patients randomized to receive a single vaccination with vaccinia-CEA vaccine followed by three boosts with ALVAC-CEA vaccine (V-A-A-A) or the reverse vaccination sequence (A-A-A-V). III. Determine whether the addition of GM-CSF alone or with IL-2 enhances the immune response to sequentially administered vaccinia-CEA vaccine and ALVAC-CEA vaccine. IV. Compare the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ELISPOT with lymphoproliferative and cytotoxicity assays for measuring CEA-specific T lymphocyte immune response.
OUTLINE: This is two-stage, partially randomized study. In stage one, patients are randomized to arm I or II. Arm I: Patients receive vaccinia-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) vaccine intradermally on day 1 of course 1 and ALVAC-CEA vaccine (CEA-Avipox vaccine) intramuscularly (IM) on day 1 of courses 2-4. Each course lasts 28 days. Arm II: Patients receive ALVAC-CEA vaccine (CEA-Avipox vaccine) IM on day 1 of courses 1-3 and vaccinia-CEA vaccine intradermally on day 1 of course 4. Each course lasts 28 days. Patients in arms I and II continue 28-day courses through month 6 and then receive 3-month courses for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In stage two, patients are enrolled successively into arms III and IV. Arm III: Patients receive vaccines according to whichever schedule (arm I or II) was found to be superior plus sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-4 of each course. Each course lasts 28 days. Arm IV: Patients receive vaccines plus GM-CSF as in arm III and interleukin-2 SC once daily on days 7-11 of each course. Each course lasts 28 days. Patients on arms III and IV continue 28-day courses through month 6 and then receive 3-month courses for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. If 2 or more patients in either arm III or IV experience dose limiting toxicity, accrual into study stops. Otherwise, the best response among the 4 arms is determined and further HLA-A2 positive patients are enrolled into that arm so that a total of 6 HLA-A2 positive patients with advanced disease and 6 HLA-A2 positive patients with NED (without radiographic or clinical evidence of tumor) are treated. If more than one regimen is equally superior, the least toxic regimen is chosen for further accrual. Patients are followed at 28 days following the last vaccination.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 24 patients (6 HLA-A2 positive and up to 3 HLA-A2 negative patients per arm) will be accrued for this study.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
ALVAC-CEA vaccine, aldesleukin, sargramostim, vaccinia-CEA vaccine
Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University
District of Columbia
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:52-0400
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vaccine therapy in treating p...
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from prostate cancer cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number ...
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a gene-modified virus may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number ...
This study is designed to determine whether patients previously primed with Ad5 of MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag vaccine respond better when boosted with ALVAC-HIV vaccine than when boosted with MKRAd5...
RATIONALE: Vaccines may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Aldesleukin may stimulate the white blood cells to kill breast cancer cells. Giving vaccine th...
The concerns raised from adenovirus 5 (Ad5)-based HIV vaccine clinical trials, where excess HIV infections were observed in some vaccine recipients, have highlighted the importance of understanding ho...
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is almost always caused by the North American strain of PRRS virus (PRRSV) in China; the European genotype of PRRSV has emerged in China. The mixed...
An HIV-1 vaccine continues to be a major target to halt the AIDS pandemic. The limited efficacy of the RV144 phase III clinical trial with the canarypox virus-based vector ALVAC and a gp120 protein co...
Sexual transmission is the principal driver of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic. Understanding HIV vaccine-induced immune responses at mucosal surfaces can generate hypotheses regarding...
Propranolol (Pro), a non-specific β-adrenergic blocking drug, competitively prevents the binding of catecholamines to receptors and suppresses cancer cells. The anti-tumor activity of propranolol has...
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.
A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A bacterial vaccine for the prevention of brucellosis in man and animal. Brucella abortus vaccine is used for the immunization of cattle, sheep, and goats.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...