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Octreotide Compared With Loperamide Hydrochloride for Chemotherapy-Related Diarrhea in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

2014-07-24 14:36:06 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs such as octreotide and loperamide hydrochloride use different ways to relieve the diarrhea caused by chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of octreotide with loperamide hydrochloride for the treatment of chemotherapy-related diarrhea in patients who have colorectal cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety and efficacy of octreotide acetate versus conventional therapy with loperamide hydrochloride for chemotherapy related diarrhea in patients with advanced colorectal malignancies undergoing chemotherapy with fluorouracil or fluorouracil based regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a prospective, randomized, parallel, open label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by therapy, grade of diarrhea, and prior use of loperamide hydrochloride or octreotide acetate. Patients undergo 1 of 3 treatments. Patients receive either low doses of octreotide (arm A) or high doses of octreotide (arm B) subcutaneously 3 times daily for 5 days. Patients in arm C receive oral doses of loperamide following each unformed stool for 5 days. A diary is completed by patients to record medications and bowel history. Treatment continues if diarrhea persists beyond day 5, but will be considered a treatment failure. If diarrhea continues to worsen, patients are removed from study. All patients are followed for 24 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue a total of 500 patients.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

loperamide hydrochloride, octreotide acetate

Location

University of California San Diego Cancer Center
La Jolla
California
United States
92093-0658

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:06-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

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