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LMB-7 Immunotoxin in Treating Patients With Leptomeningeal Metastases

2014-08-27 03:58:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: LMB-7 immunotoxin can locate tumor cells and kill them without harming normal cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of LMB-7 immunotoxin in treating patients who have leptomeningeal metastases metastases.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of intrathecal LMB-7 immunotoxin in patients with leptomeningeal metastases. II. Identify objective therapeutic responses in this group of patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients receive LMB-7 intrathecally on days 1, 3, and 5. Treatment may be repeated every 4 weeks if the patient does not demonstrate HAMA neutralizing antibodies to PE-38 in CSF, has stable or responding disease, and has not experienced greater than grade II toxicity. Three to six patients are entered at each dose level. Dose escalation continues until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience grade 3 or worse toxicity or a neuroradiology toxicity score of 10 or greater.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 15 to 24 patients will be accrued over one year.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

LMB-7 immunotoxin

Location

Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham
North Carolina
United States
27710

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:53-0400

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PubMed Articles [20353 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Role of endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition in the pathogenesis of central nervous system hemangioblastomas.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.

A group of malignant tumors of the nervous system that feature primitive cells with elements of neuronal and/or glial differentiation. Use of this term is limited by some authors to central nervous system tumors and others include neoplasms of similar origin which arise extracranially (i.e., NEUROECTODERMAL TUMORS, PRIMITIVE, PERIPHERAL). This term is also occasionally used as a synonym for MEDULLOBLASTOMA. In general, these tumors arise in the first decade of life and tend to be highly malignant. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2059)

Diseases of the parasympathetic or sympathetic divisions of the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; which has components located in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with HYPOTHALAMIC DISEASES; BRAIN STEM disorders; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. Manifestations include impairments of vegetative functions including the maintenance of BLOOD PRESSURE; HEART RATE; pupil function; SWEATING; REPRODUCTIVE AND URINARY PHYSIOLOGY; and DIGESTION.

The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.

A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.

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