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Combination Chemotherapy Following Surgery in Treating Women With Early Stage Breast Cancer

2014-08-27 03:58:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective following surgery for breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil with or without epirubicin in treating women who have early stage breast cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effects of 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of cyclophosphamide/methotrexate/fluorouracil (CMF) versus 8 courses of CMF as adjuvant chemotherapy in women with node positive early breast cancer, as measured by overall and event free survival from the date or randomization. II. Compare the effects of 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of CMF with 8 courses of CMF as adjuvant chemotherapy in these patients, as measured by acute and chronic toxicities. III. Compare the effects of 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of CMF versus 8 courses of CMF as adjuvant chemotherapy in these patients, as measured by quality of life.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized into 2 treatment arms within 4 weeks of surgery. Treatment begins within 6 weeks of surgery. One treatment arm receives 8 courses of cyclophosphamide/methotrexate/fluorouracil (CMF) given intravenously (IV) every 3 weeks. The other arm receives 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of CMF given IV every 3 weeks. Patients are followed annually for 10 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,000 patients will be accrued over 3 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

CMF regimen, cyclophosphamide, epirubicin hydrochloride, fluorouracil, methotrexate

Location

University Hospitals of Leicester
Leicester
England
United Kingdom
LE1 5WW

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:53-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

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