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Interferon Alfa Following Chemotherapy and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Multiple Myeloma

2014-08-27 03:58:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to determine the effectiveness of giving interferon alfa after chemotherapy and peripheral stem cell transplantation to patients who have stage III or stage IV multiple myeloma and who have been treated with high-dose melphalan.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effectiveness of interferon alfa-2b maintenance following high dose melphalan chemotherapy for patients with advanced multiple myeloma. II. Determine the response rate to high dose dexamethasone therapy using sequential noncrossresistant chemotherapies for patients with advanced multiple myeloma.

OUTLINE: Patients receive high dose dexamethasone on days 1-4, 9-12, and 17-20, followed by 4 weeks rest. Cyclophosphamide (CTX) is administered intravenously in combination with mesna following dexamethasone therapy. Sargramostim (GM-CSF) is initiated subcutaneously 1 day later and is continued for 10 days to support stem cell collections, which begin 10-14 days after CTX induction. Following 4 weeks of rest, melphalan (L-PAM) is administered over 1 hour. Stem cell rescue is begun 48 hours after L-PAM therapy. Three to 4 months after the first L-PAM course, a second L-PAM and stem cell rescue is undertaken. Interferon alfa-2b (IFN-A) maintenance is administered 3 times per week following bone marrow recovery from the first or second L-PAM courses. Patients achieving complete remission following the first course of L-PAM may proceed directly to IFN-A maintenance. Patients achieving greater than grade 3 nonhematologic toxicity or not achieving an absolute neutrophil count of greater than 1,000/mm3 by day 21 posttransplant are not eligible for dose escalation.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 30 patients will be enrolled.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm

Intervention

recombinant interferon alfa, sargramostim, cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone, melphalan, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Location

Baptist Memorial Hospital
Memphis
Tennessee
United States
38146

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:53-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with arginine at positions 23 and 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with lysine at position 23 and histidine at position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acid residues with arginine in position 23 and histidine in position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

An alkylating nitrogen mustard that is used as an antineoplastic in the form of the levo isomer - MELPHALAN, the racemic mixture - MERPHALAN, and the dextro isomer - MEDPHALAN; toxic to bone marrow, but little vesicant action; potential carcinogen.

Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).

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