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Hydroxyurea in Treating Patients With Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Primary CNS Lymphoma and AIDS

2014-08-27 03:58:54 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of hydroxyurea in treating patients with Epstein-Barr virus-associated primary CNS lymphoma and AIDS.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Estimate the objective response rate of PCNSL in AIDS patients treated with hydroxyurea. II. Investigate whether levels of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in the blood or cerebral spinal fluid are correlates of PCNSL disease activity.

OUTLINE: This is an open label pilot study. Patients receive oral hydroxyurea tid. A course of hydroxyurea consists of 4 weeks of therapy. On day 28, after the first course of treatment, tumor size is analyzed by MRI. If no reduction in tumor size is seen on day 28, hydroxyurea dose is increased. If a CR or PR is demonstrated, patients continue on the same treatment at the original dose. MRI evaluation is again taken on day 56 of treatment. Patients with progressive disease at this evaluation are considered to have no treatment response.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 15-25 patients will be enrolled. Approximately 8-10 patients will be accrued annually.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

hydroxyurea

Location

Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center - Shreveport
Shreveport
Louisiana
United States
71130-3932

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:54-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.

B-cell lymphoid tumors that occur in association with AIDS. Patients often present with an advanced stage of disease and highly malignant subtypes including BURKITT LYMPHOMA; IMMUNOBLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA; PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA; and DIFFUSE, LARGE B-CELL, LYMPHOMA. The tumors are often disseminated in unusual extranodal sites and chromosomal abnormalities are frequently present. It is likely that polyclonal B-cell lymphoproliferation in AIDS is a complex result of EBV infection, HIV antigenic stimulation, and T-cell-dependent HIV activation.

An antineoplastic agent that inhibits DNA synthesis through the inhibition of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase.

A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.

Two or more distinct types of malignant lymphoid tumors occurring within a single organ or tissue at the same time. It may contain different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells or both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells.

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