Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug and giving the drugs in different combinations may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of standard combination chemotherapy treatment with more intensive combination chemotherapy in treating children with acute lymphocytic leukemia.
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the outcomes in children with higher risk acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) treated with postinduction chemotherapy based on marrow response on day 7 of induction therapy: for patients with rapid early response (M1/M2), standard vs intensified consolidation chemotherapy and standard vs prolonged duration of intensification chemotherapy; for patients with slow early response, addition of doxorubicin vs idarubicin and cyclophosphamide to intensification chemotherapy. II. Decrease the incidence of avascular necrosis by alternating dexamethasone dosing in patients undergoing 2 courses of delayed intensification. III. Assess the impact of day 7 marrow status on outcome in these patients. IV. Determine prognosis more precisely by supplementing presenting clinical features, immunophenotype, ploidy, cytogenetics, and early marrow response with BAX/BCL-2 ratios, pattern of tyrosine kinase activation, leukemic burden following induction and intensification therapy, and development of high antibody titer to E. coli asparaginase. V. Correlate the traditional prognostic factors of day 7 marrow response, immunophenotype, ploidy, cytogenetics, and early marrow response with BAX/BCL-2 ratios.
OUTLINE: This is a partially randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by center. Patients receive one course of the VPLD regimen comprised of vincristine IV and daunorubicin IV over 15 minutes to 2 hours on days 0 and 7, oral prednisone daily on days 0-7, intrathecal cytarabine on day 0, and asparaginase or pegaspargase intramuscularly on days 3, 5, and 7. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 two postinduction chemotherapy groups based on bone marrow response on day 7 of induction. Patients with M1/M2 marrow on day 7 are considered rapid early responders. Patients with M3 marrow on day 7 are considered slow early responders. Group 1: Rapid early responders Patients receive 2 additional courses of VPLD induction chemotherapy. Patients are then randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms: Arm I: Beginning on day 35 of induction therapy, patients receive standard Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster (BFM) regimen with standard delayed intensification. Standard BFM for patients in arm I consists of the following: consolidation over 5 weeks with cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and mercaptopurine; interim maintenance over 8 weeks with oral methotrexate and mercaptopurine (MTX/MP); and delayed intensification over 7 weeks consisting of reinduction with vincristine, doxorubicin, oral dexamethasone, and asparaginase or pegaspargase followed by reconsolidation with cyclophosphamide, thioguanine, and cytarabine. Arm II: Patients receive standard BFM regimen with double delayed intensification. Patients receive therapy similar to those in arm I, but dexamethasone is interrupted for 1 week during delayed intensification and the intensification regimen is repeated, separated by an 8 week interim maintenance course of oral MTX/MP. Arm III: Patients receive augmented BFM regimen with standard delayed intensification. Patients receive 9 weeks of consolidation therapy with 2 courses of vincristine and pegaspargase alternating with the arm I consolidation therapy. Vincristine, intravenous methotrexate, and pegaspargase (the Capizzi I regimen) are substituted for oral MTX/MP in the interim maintenance regimen. Pegaspargase is substituted for asparaginase and two additional doses of vincristine are administered during delayed intensification. Arm IV: Patients receive augmented BFM regimen with double delayed intensification. Patients receive intensified chemotherapy throughout, combining the additional therapy given to patients in arms II and III. Patients receiving augmented BFM regimen receive pegaspargase instead of asparaginase. Patients with CNS disease at diagnosis are treated only on arm IV. Patients who are Philadelphia chromosome positive and do not have a bone marrow donor are nonrandomly assigned to the treatment group for slow early responders. All RER patients receive the same maintenance therapy with vincristine/prednisone and oral MTX/MP. Intrathecal methotrexate is administered periodically throughout protocol treatment. Group 2: Slow early responders Patients receive augmented BFM consolidation therapy and Capizzi I interim maintenance identical to that received by rapid early responders in arm IV. Patients are then randomized to receive double delayed intensification with either idarubicin or doxorubicin and concurrent cyclophosphamide. All patients receive the same maintenance therapy with vincristine/prednisone and oral MTX/MP. Intrathecal MTX is administered periodically throughout protocol treatment. Patients with CNS disease at entry receive craniospinal irradiation daily for 5 consecutive days beginning on day 0 of consolidation therapy. All slow early responders at diagnosis receive cranial irradiation daily for 5 consecutive days during consolidation therapy. Patients with testicular leukemia at diagnosis receive bilateral testicular irradiation daily for 5 consecutive days during consolidation chemotherapy. Groups 1 and 2: Maintenance therapy continues for 2 years for girls or 3 years for boys beyond completion of consolidation therapy. Patients are followed every 4-6 weeks for 1 year, every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 1,520 patients will be accrued for this study over 4 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
asparaginase, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, daunorubicin hydrochloride, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, idarubicin, mercaptopurine, methotrexate, pegaspargase, prednisone, thioguanine, vincristine sulfate, radiation therapy
Long Beach Memorial Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:59-0400
The outcomes of children with lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) in China in our previous study were not unexpected. In this study, through further modification treatment protocols and strengthe...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as prednisolone and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them fr...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells. PURPOSE: ...
The primary objective of this study (TOTXVI) is to compare the clinical benefit, the pharmacokinetics, and the pharmacodynamics of polyethylene glycol-conjugated (PEG) asparaginase given i...
Ofatumumab in Combination With Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, Vincristine Sulfate, and Dexamethasone Alternating With Ofatumumab in Combination With Cytarabine and Methotrexate in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Mantle Cell Lymphoma
This phase II trial studies how well ofatumumab in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and dexamethasone alternating with ofatumumab in combi...
To compare the pharmacokinetic bioequivalence and safety of a generic pegylated liposomal doxorubicin formulation (SPIL DXR hydrochloride liposome injection) with that of the reference products, Caely...
Phase 2 trial of bortezomib in combination with rituximab plus hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone alternating with bortezomib, rituximab, methotrexate, and cytarabine for untreated mantle cell lymphoma.
Although the outcomes of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) have improved, there is still no cure. Bortezomib has a 33% response rate in relapsed/refractory MCL and has shown additive and/or syn...
Final results of a randomized multicenter phase II study of alvocidib, cytarabine, and mitoxantrone versus cytarabine and daunorubicin (7 + 3) in newly diagnosed high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
The inhibitory effects of ammonium chloride (NHCl) and chlorpromazine hydrochloride on betanodavirus were evaluated on Sahul Indian sea bass kidney (SISK) cell line. The cytotoxicity of different conc...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of Denaverine hydrochloride (DNH) in heifers on calf vitality.
A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
Antineoplastic antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces peucetius. It is a hydroxy derivative of DAUNORUBICIN.
A benzamide derivative that is used as a dopamine antagonist.
Used in the form of the hydrochloride as a reagent in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.
4(1-Naphthylvinyl)pyridine hydrochloride. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Synonym: YuB 25.
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...