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Interferon Alfa With or Without Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

2014-08-27 03:58:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells.Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether melanoma vaccine plus interferon alfa is more effective than interferon alfa alone in treating patients with metastatic melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of interferon alfa with or without vaccine therapy in treating patients with metastatic melanoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare survival following immunotherapy with an allogeneic melanoma vaccine plus interferon alfa-2b (IFN-A) vs. IFN-A alone in patients with metastatic melanoma. II. Assess the safety and toxicity of immunotherapy with an allogeneic melanoma vaccine plus IFN-A in these patients. III. Compare the frequencies of durable complete responses in each treatment group. IV. Compare overall clinical objective response, duration of response, and time to disease progression in each treatment group. V. Compare the effects of immunotherapy with an allogeneic melanoma vaccine plus IFN-A vs IFN-A alone on quality of life in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by location of metastatic sites (visceral and bone vs nonvisceral and lung) and number of metastatic sites (1 vs 2 vs 3 or more). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive allogenic melanoma cell lysate vaccine with detoxified endotoxin subcutaneously (SQ) weekly on weeks 1-5 and 8-12. Interferon alfa (IFN-A) SQ is administered three times a week beginning on week 4. Patients with responding or stable disease receive vaccine monthly beginning on week 16. IFN-A continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Arm II: Patients receive IFN-A SQ three times a week beginning on week 1. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed before, during, and after treatment. Patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 300 patients will be entered over 2 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Melanoma (Skin)

Intervention

Detox-B adjuvant, recombinant interferon alfa

Location

University of Alabama Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:58:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with arginine at positions 23 and 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with lysine at position 23 and histidine at position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acid residues with arginine in position 23 and histidine in position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.

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