Antifungal Therapy for Fever and Neutropenia in Patients Receiving Treatment for Hematologic Cancer

2014-07-24 14:36:10 | BioPortfolio


RATIONALE: Antifungal therapy with liposomal nystatin may reduce fever and neutropenia in patients undergoing treatment for hematologic cancer. It is not yet known whether liposomal nystatin is more effective than standard amphotericin B in treating patients with fever and neutropenia who are receiving chemotherapy for hematologic cancer or bone marrow transplantation for leukemia.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of liposomal nystatin compared with standard amphotericin B to treat fever and neutropenia in patients receiving chemotherapy for hematologic cancer or bone marrow transplantation for leukemia.


OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of liposomal nystatin vs standard amphotericin B for the empiric treatment of persistent febrile neutropenic patients. II. Compare the incidence of drug-related toxicity or impairment and infusion-related toxicity in patients treated with liposomal nystatin vs standard amphotericin B. III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of liposomal nystatin.

OUTLINE: Randomized, double-blind study. Arm I: Antifungal Therapy. Liposomal Nystatin. Arm II: Antifungal Therapy. Amphotericin B, NSC-527017.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 350 evaluable patients will be studied in this multicenter trial.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care


Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders


amphotericin B deoxycholate, nystatin


Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Phoenix (Hayden)
United States




National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:10-0400

Clinical Trials [653 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Caspofungin Versus Amphotericin B Deoxycholate in the Treatment of Invasive Candidiasis in Neonates and Infants (MK-0991-064)

The study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of caspofungin as compared with amphotericin B deoxycholate in the treatment of invasive candidiasis in neonates and infants....

Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Micafungin Versus Conventional Amphotericin B for the Treatment of Neonatal Candidiasis

The study will evaluate how effective and how safe the drug micafungin is when compared to the drug amphotericin B deoxycholate in treating infants with certain fungal infections.

Amphotericin B Treatment in Visceral Leishmaniasis

This study is being conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of amphotericin B deoxycholate in doses of 0.75 mg/kg or 1.0 mg/kg for 15 doses. In each arm the drug is given in the conven...

Comparison of Voriconazole and Amphotericin B in Treating Patients With Aspergillosis

RATIONALE: Antifungal therapy with voriconazole or amphotericin B may be an effective treatment for aspergillosis. It is not yet known whether voriconazole is more effective than amphoteri...

Single Infusion of Liposomal Amphotericin B in Indian Visceral Leishmaniasis

The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the efficacy of single dose amphotericin B in the treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in India.

PubMed Articles [11705 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Can Platelet Distribution Width Be Used to Predict the Possibility of Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms?

Platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume are markers of platelet activation and have prognostic value in coronary heart diseases, as well as in cancers of solid organs. In this study...

A Phase 3 Study of Micafungin Versus Amphotericin B Deoxycholate in Infants With Invasive Candidiasis: ERRATUM.

Nystatin enhances the immune response against Candida albicans and protects the ultrastructure of the vaginal epithelium in a rat model of vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common infectious disease of the lower genital tract. Nystatin, a polyene fungicidal antibiotic, is used as a topical antifungal agent for VVC treatment. The aim of...

Galleria mellonella as a model system to study virulence potential of mucormycetes and evaluation of antifungal treatment.

Mucorales can cause cutaneous to deep-seated infections, mainly in the immunocompromised host, resulting in high mortality rates due to late and inefficient treatment. In this study, Galleria mellonel...

In-vitro and in-vivo antileishmanial activity of inexpensive Amphotericin B formulations: Heated Amphotericin B and Amphotericin B-loaded microemulsion.

Amphotericin B (AmB) is effective against visceral leishmaniasis (VL), but the renal toxicity of the conventional form, mixed micelles with deoxycholate (M-AmB), is often dose-limiting, while the less...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Clonal myeloid disorders that possess both dysplastic and proliferative features but are not properly classified as either MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES or MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS.

Macrolide antifungal antibiotic complex produced by Streptomyces noursei, S. aureus, and other Streptomyces species. The biologically active components of the complex are nystatin A1, A2, and A3.

A myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by myelodysplasia associated with bone marrow and peripheral blood patterns similar to CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, but cytogenetically lacking a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr/abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).

Conditions caused by abnormal CILIA movement in the body, usually causing KARTAGENER SYNDROME, chronic respiratory disorders, chronic SINUSITIS, and chronic OTITIS. Abnormal ciliary beating is likely due to defects in any of the 200 plus ciliary proteins, such as missing motor enzyme DYNEIN arms.

A leukemia affecting young children characterized by SPLENOMEGALY, enlarged lymph nodes, rashes, and hemorrhages. Traditionally classed as a myeloproliferative disease, it is now considered a mixed myeloproliferative-mylelodysplastic disorder.

More From BioPortfolio on "Antifungal Therapy for Fever and Neutropenia in Patients Receiving Treatment for Hematologic Cancer"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...

Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers)  - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...

Searches Linking to this Trial