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Radiation Therapy With or Without Cisplatin in Treating Patients With Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

2014-07-23 21:57:10 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known if radiation therapy plus chemotherapy is more effective than radiation therapy alone in treating patients with advanced head and neck cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus cisplatin with radiation therapy alone in treating patients with advanced head and neck cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the time to treatment failure (local and regional) in patients with moderately advanced and advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (no distant metastases) when treated with hyperfractionated radiotherapy with vs. without 2 courses of simultaneously administered cisplatin. II. Assess the time to distant metastatic relapse, overall survival, and toxicity in patients receiving these treatments. III. Evaluate whether the potential tumor-doubling time is an indicator for risk of treatment failure in patients receiving these treatments.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Arm I: Radiotherapy plus Single-Agent Chemotherapy followed, as indicated, by Surgery. Hyperfractionated external-beam tumor irradiation using photon energies of 4-6 MV or electrons of 6-12 MV (interstitial brachytherapy boost to lesions of the oral cavity allowed); plus Cisplatin, CDDP, NSC-119875; followed, in patients with persistent disease (at the discretion of the surgeon), by resection of primary tumor or involved nodes. Arm II: Hyperfractionated radiotherapy followed by Surgery. Tumor irradiation as in Arm I; followed by resection as in Arm I.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 400 patients will be accrued over 5 years. Interim analyses to allow for early stopping will be carried out after entry of 50 and 100 patients.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Head and Neck Cancer

Intervention

chemotherapy, cisplatin, low-LET cobalt-60 gamma ray therapy, low-LET electron therapy, low-LET photon therapy

Location

Universitaetsspital
Zurich
Switzerland
CH-8091

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:57:10-0400

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