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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the tumor response of patients with refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma or Castleman's disease treated with suramin. II. Determine the effects of this regimen on cytokine-mediated symptoms in patients with Castleman's disease. III. Determine the overall and progression-free survival in patients with multiple myeloma or Castelman's disease treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the qualitative, quantitative, and cumulative toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. V. Determine the effect of this regimen on the levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble IL-6 receptor, and soluble gp130 in these patients.
OUTLINE: Patients receive suramin on days 1-5, 8, 11, 15, 19, 22, and 29. During course 1, patients also receive suramin on days 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78. Suramin is administered IV over 2 hours on day 1 of course 1 and over 1 hour on all subsequent infusion days. Patients undergo rest for at least 12 weeks between each course. Patients with responding disease after completion of course 2 may receive additional courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed weekly for 1 month, every 2 weeks for 1 month, at 3 months, and then monthly thereafter if indicated.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20-40 patients with multiple myeloma will be accrued for this study within 10-20 months. A total of 20-40 patients with Castleman's disease will be accrued for this study within 2.9-8 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:01-0400
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Multiparametric flow cytometry (MFC) is a useful tool for diagnosis of plasma cell dyscrasias and assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) in plasma cell myeloma (PCM). However, the immunophenotyp...
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by the presence of a clonal proliferation of tumor cells. Cutaneous involvement of MM is very rare and remains poorly understood.
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable disease characterized by clonal plasma cell (PC) proliferation within the bone marrow (BM). Next-generation flow cytometry has become the reference tool to follow...
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A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.
Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
A pyrazine and boronic acid derivative that functions as a reversible PROTEASOME INHIBITOR. It is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of MULTIPLE MYELOMA and MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA.
A malignancy of mature PLASMA CELLS engaging in monoclonal immunoglobulin production. It is characterized by hyperglobulinemia, excess Bence-Jones proteins (free monoclonal IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS) in the urine, skeletal destruction, bone pain, and fractures. Other features include ANEMIA; HYPERCALCEMIA; and RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
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In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...