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Suramin in Treating Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Multiple Myeloma or Castleman's Disease

2014-08-27 03:59:01 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of suramin in treating patients who have refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma or Castleman's disease.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the tumor response of patients with refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma or Castleman's disease treated with suramin. II. Determine the effects of this regimen on cytokine-mediated symptoms in patients with Castleman's disease. III. Determine the overall and progression-free survival in patients with multiple myeloma or Castelman's disease treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the qualitative, quantitative, and cumulative toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. V. Determine the effect of this regimen on the levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble IL-6 receptor, and soluble gp130 in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive suramin on days 1-5, 8, 11, 15, 19, 22, and 29. During course 1, patients also receive suramin on days 36, 43, 50, 57, 64, 71, and 78. Suramin is administered IV over 2 hours on day 1 of course 1 and over 1 hour on all subsequent infusion days. Patients undergo rest for at least 12 weeks between each course. Patients with responding disease after completion of course 2 may receive additional courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed weekly for 1 month, every 2 weeks for 1 month, at 3 months, and then monthly thereafter if indicated.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20-40 patients with multiple myeloma will be accrued for this study within 10-20 months. A total of 20-40 patients with Castleman's disease will be accrued for this study within 2.9-8 years.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm

Intervention

suramin

Location

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock
Arkansas
United States
72205

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:01-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A nonproliferative disorder of the PLASMA CELL characterized by excessive production and misfolding of IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS that form insoluble amyloid fibrils (see AMYLOID DEPOSITS) in various tissues. Clinical features include LIVER FAILURE; MULTIPLE MYELOMA; NEPHROTIC SYNDROME; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY, and neuropathies.

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