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RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Peripheral stem cell transplantation combined with biological therapy may be an effective treatment for breast cancer.
PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of interleukin-2 with filgrastim to stimulate cell production in treating patients with stage IIIB, stage IV, metastatic, or recurrent breast cancer who will undergo peripheral stem cell transplantation.
OBJECTIVES: I. Estimate the maximum tolerated dose of continuous infusion interleukin-2 (IL-2) that can be combined with a standard dose of filgrastim (G-CSF) to stimulate peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) for harvest in patients with advanced breast cancer. II. Assess PBSC engraftment following high dose cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, and carboplatin (the STAMP V regimen) supported by G-CSF or IL-2/G-CSF hematopoietic support in patients who underwent the same pretransplant PBSC stimulation. III. Characterize the toxic effects of combined IL-2 and G-CSF. IV. Compare immune function changes following IL-2/G-CSF and G-CSF alone by assessing expression of CD56/CD56-bright, CD3, and CD25; natural killer cell and lymphokine activated killer cell activity; T-cell responses (TT, HER2/neu); and serum levels of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor, and G-CSF. V. Compare the effects on the expression of circulating hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+, CFU-GM, and BFU-GM) of a range of IL-2 doses when combined with G-CSF to those achieved with G-CSF alone. VI. Compare the time to neutrophil and platelet recovery, requirements for red blood cell and platelet transfusion, and time to hospital discharge in patients receiving IL-2/G-CSF-primed vs. G-CSF-primed PBSC following STAMP V chemotherapy. VII. Compare the feasibility, toxicity, and hematologic and immunologic effects of post-PBSC infusion of IL-2/G-CSF vs. G-CSF alone. VIII. Assess the response rate, duration of response, and disease free interval of patients with advanced breast cancer treated with STAMP V with PBSC rescue. IX. Assess the presence of cytokeratin as a marker of minimum residual disease when measured in blood and marrow by polymerase chain reaction during and following treatment.
OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups for peripheral blood stem cell stimulation (priming) and for therapy after stem cell transplantation. All patients receive priming therapy with filgrastim (G-CSF) alone or with interleukin-2 (IL-2), then have stem cells harvested. Patients with adequate harvest receive high dose cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, and carboplatin (STAMP V) followed by stem cell rescue with subsequent G-CSF with or without IL-2, as follows: Arm I receives G-CSF alone for priming and following stem cell transplant. Arm II receives G-CSF priming alone and G-CSF/IL-2 following transplant. Arm III receives various doses of G-CSF/IL-2 priming and G-CSF following transplant. Arm IV receives various levels of G-CSF/IL-2 priming and fixed doses of G-CSF/IL-2 following transplant. Cohorts of 3-6 patients each are treated on each treatment arm and at escalating doses of IL-2. The maximum tolerated dose is defined as the dose at which less than 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed for disease progression and survival.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 36 patients will be accrued for this study over 18-24 months; a maximum of 12 patients will receive G-CSF priming alone (6 without and 6 with post-PBSC IL-2).
Primary Purpose: Treatment
aldesleukin, filgrastim, carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
University of Illinois at Chicago Health Sciences Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:06-0400
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