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Radiation Therapy Plus Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Supratentorial Glioblastoma Multiforme

2014-08-27 03:59:07 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Chemotherapy uses different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of radiation therapy and carmustine in treating patients who have supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether the use of radiosurgery (stereotactic external-beam irradiation) prior to conventional radiotherapy with carmustine (BCNU) improves overall survival compared to conventional radiotherapy plus BCNU alone in patients with supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme. II. Determine and compare the frequency and severity of toxicities associated with these regimens. III. Compare the effects of these two regimens on neurologic function and quality of life.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Arm I: Radiotherapy plus Single-Agent Chemotherapy. Tumor irradiation using megavoltage equipment (at least 4 MV photons); plus Carmustine, BCNU, NSC-409962. Arm II: Radiosurgery followed by Radiotherapy plus Single-Agent Chemotherapy. Stereotactic tumor irradiation; followed by tumor irradiation as in Arm I; plus BCNU.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 200 patients will be entered over approximately 3 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

carmustine, low-LET photon therapy

Location

Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35233

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:07-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.

A group of malignant tumors of the nervous system that feature primitive cells with elements of neuronal and/or glial differentiation. Use of this term is limited by some authors to central nervous system tumors and others include neoplasms of similar origin which arise extracranially (i.e., NEUROECTODERMAL TUMORS, PRIMITIVE, PERIPHERAL). This term is also occasionally used as a synonym for MEDULLOBLASTOMA. In general, these tumors arise in the first decade of life and tend to be highly malignant. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2059)

Diseases of the parasympathetic or sympathetic divisions of the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; which has components located in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with HYPOTHALAMIC DISEASES; BRAIN STEM disorders; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. Manifestations include impairments of vegetative functions including the maintenance of BLOOD PRESSURE; HEART RATE; pupil function; SWEATING; REPRODUCTIVE AND URINARY PHYSIOLOGY; and DIGESTION.

The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.

A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.

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