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Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Refractory Hodgkin's Disease or Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

2014-08-27 03:59:08 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells. Bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy to kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying giving high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation to see how well it works in treating patients with refractory Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the antitumor activity of intensive carmustine and etoposide with cisplatin or cyclophosphamide, followed by rescue with autologous bone marrow (ABM) treated in vitro with etoposide and/or peripheral blood stem cells mobilized with filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF) with or without radiotherapy in patients with refractory Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. II. Determine the time to recovery of peripheral blood counts in patients treated with this regimen. III. Correlate the rate of peripheral blood cell recovery in these patients with in vitro growth of ABM treated with etoposide.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Autologous bone marrow (ABM) is harvested and two-thirds of the ABM is treated in vitro with etoposide (VP-16). ABM may have been stored earlier in the course of the disease for patients who are at high risk of relapse or who were previously treated with agents causing bone marrow or stem cell damage (e.g., nitrosoureas, pelvic irradiation). Patients with prior bone marrow involvement and subsequent bone marrow remission must have received 1 or 2 additional courses of the same chemotherapy before undergoing harvest of ABM. Patients for whom PBSC rescue alone is planned also undergo ABM harvest in case back-up ABM rescue is needed. Patients then receive sargramostim (GM-CSF) or filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously beginning 5 days before harvest of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) and continuing until completion of harvest. Patients without extensive prior radiotherapy undergo radiotherapy to areas of measurable active disease plus a 2 cm margin on days -21 to -17 and -14 to -8. Patients without a contraindication to cisplatin (e.g., hearing impairment, peripheral neuropathy) receive cisplatin IV over 3 hours on days -7 to -3 and carmustine IV over 2 hours and VP-16 IV over 4 hours on days -6 to -4. Patients with a contraindication to cisplatin receive cyclophosphamide IV every 12 hours, VP-16 IV over 1 hour every 12 hours, and carmustine IV over 1 hour on days -7 to -4. ABM and/or PBSC are reinfused on day 0. The first 6 ABM rescue patients receive untreated ABM and subsequent patients receive ABM treated in vitro with VP-16. Patients with bone marrow biopsy showing no evidence of regeneration (marrow cellularity less than 1%) at day 21 after PBSC rescue undergo back-up ABM rescue. Patients without engraftment (granulocyte count less than 500/mm3 and untransfused platelets no greater than 20,000/mm3) by day 28 after rescue with ABM treated in vitro with VP-16 undergo rescue with untreated ABM.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 21-46 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

filgrastim, sargramostim, carmustine, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, autologous bone marrow transplantation, in vitro-treated bone marrow transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy

Location

Albert Einstein Comprehensive Cancer Center
Bronx
New York
United States
10461

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:08-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

A cell-separation technique where magnetizable microspheres or beads are first coated with monoclonal antibody, allowed to search and bind to target cells, and are then selectively removed when passed through a magnetic field. Among other applications, the technique is commonly used to remove tumor cells from the marrow (BONE MARROW PURGING) of patients who are to undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation.

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