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To evaluate the safety and efficacy of low and high doses of lamivudine ( 3TC ) in combination with zidovudine ( AZT ) and zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) in combination with AZT.
PER 02/27/95 AMENDMENT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of both blinded and open-label combination therapy.
Patients are randomized to one of three treatment arms: low-dose 3TC plus AZT, high-dose 3TC plus AZT, or ddC plus AZT. Treatment continues for 32 weeks, with possible extension to 52 weeks.
PER 02/27/95 AMENDMENT: Patients may continue therapy on AZT and low-dose 3TC on an open-label basis. Open-label therapy continues with follow-up every 8 weeks until intolerable toxicity occurs or study terminates.
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lamivudine, Zidovudine, Zalcitabine
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:57:13-0400
To compare the safety, tolerance, and efficacy of saquinavir mesylate (Ro 31-8959) alone, zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) alone, and both in combination, in patients discontinuing or un...
To investigate the appropriate zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) dose and zidovudine ( AZT ) schedule for use in combination therapy in patients with HIV infection.
PRIMARY: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of three treatment regimens: saquinavir mesylate (Ro 31-8959) plus zidovudine (AZT) vs. AZT plus zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) vs. Ro 3...
To compare, in zidovudine (AZT)-naive patients, the safety, tolerance, and efficacy of saquinavir mesylate (Ro 31-8959) alone versus AZT alone versus AZT in combination with Ro 31-8959, za...
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of taking lamivudine (3TC) plus zidovudine (ZDV) plus a protease inhibitor (PI) with taking the 3TC/ZDV combination tab...
We present the case of an HIV-negative patient clinically diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS who achieved significant disease improvement on Combivir (zidovudine/lamivudine). Within months of treat...
Double layered one-by-one imprinted hollow core-shells@ pencil graphite electrode was fabricated for sequential sensing of anti-HIV drugs. For this, two eccentric layers were developed on the surface ...
In lamivudine-refractory chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, discontinuation of lamivudine therapy may lead to loss of lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) and reappearance of wide-type HBV as...
Innovation in medicine is a dynamic, complex, and continuous process that cannot be isolated to a single moment in time. Anniversaries offer opportunities to commemorate crucial discoveries of modern ...
In a previous trial of antiretroviral therapy (ART) involving pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, those randomly assigned to receive tenofovir, emtricitabine, and ritonav...
A reverse transcriptase inhibitor and ZALCITABINE analog in which a sulfur atom replaces the 3' carbon of the pentose ring. It is used to treat HIV disease.
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.