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A Study Comparing Two Forms of Didanosine in HIV-Infected Patients

2014-08-27 03:59:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to see if the coated-capsule form of didanosine (ddI) is as safe and absorbed by the body as well as the chewable-tablet form of ddI.

Didanosine (ddI) is an anti-HIV drug. The effectiveness of ddI can be lowered by acid in the stomach. To prevent this, patients take antacids with ddI. The coated-capsule form of ddI may replace the need for antacids.

Description

Didanosine, a purine nucleoside analogue, is indicated for the treatment of HIV infection when antiretroviral therapy is warranted. Didanosine is administered orally with antacids to protect it against acid-induced hydrolysis in the stomach. To eliminate the need for using buffers in the ddI formulations, an enteric-coated bead formulation of ddI is being developed.

Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups to receive treatment on 2 separate occasions at least 72 hours apart. Group 1 receives the reference formulation of ddI. Group 2 receives the test formulation of ddI. Clinical evaluations, including clinical laboratory tests, are performed periodically during the study and at discharge. Serial blood samples are collected at specific time points over the 12 hours following dosing, and are used for the pharmacokinetic variables CMAX and AUC(INF). Factors used in analysis are sequence, subject within sequence, period, and formulation. Safety is assessed by monitoring adverse effects, vital signs, ECG recordings, and clinical laboratory tests throughout the study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Didanosine

Status

Completed

Source

Bristol-Myers Squibb

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:12-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)

Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.

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