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To demonstrate that zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) monotherapy is safe and tolerable in the treatment of patients with AIDS or advanced AIDS related complex (ARC) who previously demonstrated intolerance to zidovudine (AZT) treatment while in Protocol N3300 (NIAID ACTG 114) or N3492 (NIAID ACTG 119).
NOTE OF CAUTION FOR CONCOMITANT MEDICATIONS ON STUDY:
Patients on amphotericin, pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, ganciclovir, intravenous pentamidine, intravenous acyclovir or oral acyclovir or other bone marrow or renal toxic drugs may not tolerate concomitant ddC. If these drugs are given concomitantly with ddC, patients should have frequent clinical and laboratory assessments, as appropriate. Drugs that are nephrotoxic or have the potential to cause peripheral neuropathy might be expected to cause increased toxicity when co-administered with ddC. Drugs that could cause serious additive toxicity when co-administered with study medication will be allowed for treatment of an acute intercurrent illness or opportunistic infection at the discretion of the investigator. Their use may be allowed with interruption of study drug for up to 35 days per episode, for a total of 90 days for the study. If the patient's condition requires chronic administration of these medications, the patient will be discontinued from study medication and followed.
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Mount Zion Med Ctr
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:17-0400
To compare the safety, tolerance, and efficacy of saquinavir mesylate (Ro 31-8959) alone, zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) alone, and both in combination, in patients discontinuing or un...
PRIMARY: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of three treatment regimens: saquinavir mesylate (Ro 31-8959) plus zidovudine (AZT) vs. AZT plus zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) vs. Ro 3...
An Open-Label Safety Program for the Use of Zalcitabine (Dideoxycytidine; ddC) in Pediatric Patients With Symptomatic HIV Infection Who Have Failed or Are Intolerant to AZT Monotherapy, or Who Have Completed Other ddC Protocols, or Are Ineligible for Othe
To allow, on a compassionate use basis, zalcitabine (ddC) for pediatric patients with symptomatic HIV disease who have failed treatment or who are intolerant to zidovudine (AZT), or who ha...
To investigate the appropriate zalcitabine ( dideoxycytidine; ddC ) dose and zidovudine ( AZT ) schedule for use in combination therapy in patients with HIV infection.
To provide zalcitabine ( ddC ) for patients with AIDS or Advanced ARC in whom zidovudine ( AZT ) is contraindicated, or who have failed treatment with or are intolerant to AZT and to demon...
The aim of the study was the evaluation of the frequency of infections and co-infections among patients hospitalized because of non-specific symptoms after a tick bite.
The remarkable improvement of the outcome of HIV infection came with the price of substantial toxicity of some antiretrovirals. The first molecules used to treat HIV included an important nephrotoxici...
Identification of new HIV infections (HIV incidence) is critical for monitoring AIDS epidemic and assessing the effectiveness of intervention measures. However, current methods for distinguishing new ...
Hospitalizations for infections have been associated with subsequent decreased cognitive ability, but it is uncertain if childhood infections influence subsequent scholastic achievement (SA). We aimed...
WHO estimates that 131 million new cases of urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections occur globally every year. Most infections are asymptomatic. Untreated infection in women can lead to sev...
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
A reverse transcriptase inhibitor and ZALCITABINE analog in which a sulfur atom replaces the 3' carbon of the pentose ring. It is used to treat HIV disease.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are non-specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experi...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...