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A Study of Efavirenz in Combination With Stavudine and Didanosine

2014-08-27 03:59:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give efavirenz plus stavudine plus didanosine to HIV-infected patients who have never received anti-HIV treatment.

Description

Patients will be given combination treatment with efavirenz, stavudine, and didanosine.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Efavirenz, Stavudine, Didanosine

Location

The Whitman Walker Clinic
Washington
District of Columbia
United States
20009

Status

Completed

Source

NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:14-0400

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A Comparison of Emtricitabine and Stavudine Used With Didanosine Plus Efavirenz in HIV-Infected Patients Who Have Not Taken Anti-HIV Drugs

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of emtricitabine and stavudine when given with didanosine plus efavirenz to HIV-infected patients.

A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Efavirenz, Didanosine, and Stavudine in Combination With or Without Hydroxyurea in Antiretroviral Naive or Experienced HIV-Infected Patients

To determine the virologic benefits associated with the addition of hydroxyurea (HU) to combination drug therapy with didanosine (ddI), stavudine (d4T), and efavirenz (DMP) in HIV-infected...

A Comparison of Two Dose Levels of Didanosine Used in Combination With Stavudine in HIV-Infected Patients

The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of taking didanosine (ddI) once a day plus stavudine (d4T) twice a day with taking ddI twice a day plus d4T twice a day. This stud...

A Study to Compare the Effectiveness of Different Anti-HIV Drug Regimens in Keeping Levels of HIV in the Blood as Low as Possible

This study will look at different anti-HIV drug regimens to see which works best to keep the level of HIV (viral load) in the blood as low as possible during maintenance therapy. You will ...

The Safety and Effectiveness of Didanosine Plus Stavudine Plus Delavirdine Mesylate Plus MKC-442 in HIV-Infected Patients Who Have Not Had Success With Protease Inhibitors

The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give MKC-442, didanosine (ddI), stavudine (d4T), and delavirdine (DLV) to HIV-positive patients.

PubMed Articles [3450 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Substituting Abacavir for Stavudine in Children Who Are Virally Suppressed Without Lipodystrophy: Randomized Clinical Trial in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Abacavir has replaced stavudine in antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens because it has largely been phased out as a result of toxicity concerns; this loss has reduced further the already-limited drug...

Exposure to previous cART is associated with significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.

Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved survival in HIV-patients. While the first antiretrovirals, which became available in particular D-drugs (especially didanosine and stavudine) and un...

Lipoatrophy/lipohypertrophy outcomes after antiretroviral therapy switch in children in the UK/Ireland.

Following widespread use of stavudine, a thymidine analogue, in antiretroviral therapy (ART) over the past three decades, up to a third of children developed lipoatrophy (LA) and/or lipohypertrophy (L...

The Use of Efavirenz During Pregnancy is Associated with Suicidal Ideation in Postpartum Women in Rural South Africa.

Efavirenz is used for the management of HIV infection during pregnancy in South Africa (SA), but it is contraindicated in patients with history of depression due to possible suicidal ideation. This st...

Association of CYP2B6 Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Altering Efavirenz Metabolism With Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Treatment Relapse Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus/HCV-Coinfected African Americans Receiving Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir in the ION-4 Trial.

In the ION-4 trial, hepatitis C virus relapse was rare, occurring only in African American patients, 80% receiving efavirenz for human immunodeficiency virus infection. We observed no indication that ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

A dideoxynucleoside analog that inhibits reverse transcriptase and has in vitro activity against HIV.

Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)

Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

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