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A Study of Two Anti-HIV Drug Combinations

2014-08-27 03:59:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of taking lamivudine (3TC) plus zidovudine (ZDV) plus a protease inhibitor (PI) with taking the 3TC/ZDV combination tablet (Combivir) plus a PI. This study also examines how well patients follow the dosing schedules for these drugs.

Doctors believe that taking Combivir plus a PI may be as effective as taking 3TC plus ZDV plus a PI.

Description

It is hypothesized that a fixed-dose 3TC/ZDV tablet given bid in combination with a protease inhibitor is clinically equivalent in its effect on plasma HIV-1 RNA level to a conventional regimen of 3TC, ZDV, and a protease inhibitor.

Patients are stratified according to their current protease inhibitor therapy and randomized to receive open-label therapy of 1 Combivir tablet bid (Arm II) or an equivalent dose of 3TC and ZDV (Arm I), plus their current protease inhibitor for 16 weeks.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Lamivudine/Zidovudine, Lamivudine, Zidovudine

Location

Pacific Oaks Med Ctr
Beverly Hills
California
United States
90211

Status

Completed

Source

NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:14-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A reverse transcriptase inhibitor and ZALCITABINE analog in which a sulfur atom replaces the 3' carbon of the pentose ring. It is used to treat HIV disease.

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by an azido group. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. The compound is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA during reverse transcription. It improves immunologic function, partially reverses the HIV-induced neurological dysfunction, and improves certain other clinical abnormalities associated with AIDS. Its principal toxic effect is dose-dependent suppression of bone marrow, resulting in anemia and leukopenia.

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Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)

Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

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