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To evaluate the single dose pharmacokinetic profile of Viracept pediatric powder formulation administered to HIV infected or exposed children and infants (0 to 13 years of age). An evaluation of the relative bioavailability of the pediatric powder formulation vs. a standard tablet formulation in older children (7 to 13 years of age) will also be conducted.
This is a study of the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of a Viracept pediatric powder formulation with milk or formula. First a single dose will be administered. After the patient population is divided into 4 groups by age, an optimal dose will be determined for each group. This optimal dose will be given 3 times a day for a 6 week primary observation period, plus an optional 6 month extension.
NOTE: During the single dose portion of this study, patients may be untreated or may continue treatment with their current nucleoside antiretroviral therapy. During multiple dose administration of Viracept, antiretroviral therapy will be intensified by either adding or modifying therapy. Antiretroviral therapies will be limited to those currently licensed including zidovudine, lamivudine, stavudine, didanosine or zalcitabine.
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment
UCLA School of Medicine / Dept of Pediatrics
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:14-0400
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Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
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Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...