A Study of Thioctic Acid and Deprenyl in HIV-Infected Patients With Dementia

2014-08-27 03:59:17 | BioPortfolio


The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give thioctic acid and deprenyl (selegiline hydrochloride), alone or in combination, to HIV-infected patients who have mild to moderate dementia (a decline in their mental abilities).


Patients are randomized to receive thioctic acid alone, deprenyl alone, thioctic acid/deprenyl, or placebo alone for 10 weeks, after which all patients may receive active drug on an open-label basis. Patients must have seven clinic visits.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Cognitive Disorders


Thioctic acid, Selegiline hydrochloride


Johns Hopkins Hosp
United States




NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:17-0400

Clinical Trials [3150 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Study of Decreased Mental Function Associated With HIV

The purpose of this study is to compare pictures of the brain of HIV-infected people with memory problems before and after treatment with selegiline. Selegiline is the study drug received ...

Pilot Compassionate Use Study of Thioctic Acid Treatment in Mitochondrial Myopathy

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the efficacy of thioctic acid in treating a single patient with mitochondrial myopathy.

Assessment of Efficacy and Safety of Thioctic Acid in the Oral Treatment of Symptomatic Diabetic Neuropathy (SYDNEY 2)

The primary objective of the trial is to determine the optimal dose of orally (tablet) administered thioctic acid in the treatment of symptoms of diabetic polyneuropathy (dPNP). It is expe...

Pharmacokinetic Drug Interaction Between Pregabalin and Thioctic Acid.

A randomized, open-label, six-sequence, three-period, three-treatment, multiple dosing clinical trial to investigate the pharmacokinetic drug interaction between Pregabalin and Thioctic ac...

Effectiveness of Selegiline in Treating Marijuana Dependent Individuals - 1

During the past 15 years, the demand for treatment for marijuana-related problems in the United States has increased nearly twofold. Selegiline is a medication currently used to treat nic...

PubMed Articles [15600 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Selegiline ameliorates depression-like behaviors in rodents and modulates hippocampal dopaminergic transmission and synaptic plasticity.

Selegiline, an irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAO)-type B, is widely prescribed for Parkinson's disease and, at higher doses, for major and atypical depression, whereby it is non-selecti...

The intranasal gels of Box-Behnken experimental design for preparation and optimization of selegiline hydrochloride.

Selegiline hydrochloride (SL) is chosen as an adjunct for the control of clinical signs of Parkinsonian patients. The aim of the present work is to develop and optimize thermosensitive gels using Plur...

The role of nitric oxide-cGMP pathway in selegiline antidepressant-like effect in the mice forced swim test.

Considering the pivotal role of nitric oxide (NO) pathway in depressive disorders, the aim of the present study was to investigate the antidepressant-like effect of selegiline in mice forced swimming ...

The effects and potential mechanisms of folic acid on cognitive function: a comprehensive review.

Cognitive impairment and dementia are major neurocognitive disorders that cause a noticeable decline in cognitive abilities, including memory and thinking skills. The effectiveness of using folic acid...

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of intranasally administered selegiline nanoparticles with improved brain delivery in Parkinson's disease.

Selegiline, a well-known anti-Parkinson agent, is reported to be associated with poor oral bioavailability and safety. Therefore, we formulated selegiline as chitosan nanoparticles and evaluated its p...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.

An octanoic acid bridged with two sulfurs so that it is sometimes also called a pentanoic acid in some naming schemes. It is biosynthesized by cleavage of LINOLEIC ACID and is a coenzyme of oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (KETOGLUTARATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX). It is used in DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS.

Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.

A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)

Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.

More From BioPortfolio on "A Study of Thioctic Acid and Deprenyl in HIV-Infected Patients With Dementia"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...

Dementia describes a range of symptoms of cognitive decline. For example memory loss, problems with reasoning and communication skills, and a reduction in a person's abilities and skills in carrying out daily activities. There are about 820,000 peo...

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...

Searches Linking to this Trial