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To assess the efficacy and safety of itraconazole oral solution in HIV-seropositive patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis that is refractory to fluconazole.
Patients receive itraconazole oral solution twice daily. Per 08/15/94 amendment, patients with complete resolution of oropharyngeal candidiasis lesions upon completion of treatment are eligible for maintenance treatment on protocol FDA 236C. Patients who decline maintenance are followed for 6 weeks. Patients who relapse during follow-up are re-treated for 14-28 days; if lesions clear, patients may enter the maintenance protocol.
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:18-0400
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of itraconazole oral solution versus fluconazole tablets for the treatment of esophageal candidiasis in immunocompromised patients.
To provide maintenance treatment with itraconazole solution for patients who were clinical responders in the ITR-USA-94 protocol, even if they subsequently relapsed.
To assess the safety and efficacy of itraconazole versus placebo for prevention of histoplasmosis in HIV-infected patients with CD4 counts < 150 cells/mm3 who reside where histoplasmosis i...
A prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of classic homeopathic therapy compared to maintenance itraconazole therapy with and without additional exogenous lactobacillus for treatment o...
To demonstrate a dosage regimen for intravenous itraconazole that produces a plasma concentration range comparable to that obtained after currently used oral dosages of itraconazole oral s...
Some patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) experience recurrent oral candidiasis(OC). Probiotic bacteria have shown to reduce the oral Candida count in vivo.
To investigate the change of Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines and human beta defensin 2 (HBD-2) in HIV-infected patients with oral candidiasis (OC) and gather information about OC-specific immunity.
Itraconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent used for prophylaxis and treatment of fungal infections in immunocompromised children. Achieving the recommended target serum itraconazole trough conc...
Candidiasis is the most common opportunistic fungal infection of the oral cavity caused by fungi of the genus Candida and usually associated with immunosuppressed individuals.
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is a clinically heterogeneous disease. Some immunologic and hormonal abnormalities have been associated with CMC. The factors that predispose host to CMC infect...
A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Infection of the mucous membranes of the mouth by a fungus of the genus CANDIDA. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An important nosocomial fungal infection with species of the genus CANDIDA, most frequently CANDIDA ALBICANS. Invasive candidiasis occurs when candidiasis goes beyond a superficial infection and manifests as CANDIDEMIA, deep tissue infection, or disseminated disease with deep organ involvement.
Candidiasis of the skin manifested as eczema-like lesions of the interdigital spaces, perleche, or chronic paronychia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Autoimmune diseases affecting multiple endocrine organs. Type I is characterized by childhood onset and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, CHRONIC MUCOCUTANEOUS), while type II exhibits any combination of adrenal insufficiency (ADDISON'S DISEASE), lymphocytic thyroiditis (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE;), HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; and gonadal failure. In both types organ-specific ANTIBODIES against a variety of ENDOCRINE GLANDS have been detected. The type II syndrome differs from type I in that it is associated with HLA-A1 and B8 haplotypes, onset is usually in adulthood, and candidiasis is not present.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...