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Cyclosporine A to Treat Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

2014-08-27 03:59:19 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will examine the effectiveness of the drug cyclosporine in treating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a condition in which the heart muscle thickens. The thickened muscle can impair the heart's pumping action or decrease its blood supply, or both. Various symptoms, such as chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and palpitations, may result. In animal studies, cyclosporine prevented heart muscle from thickening in mice that had been engineered to develop thick hearts.

Patients with HCM 18 to 75 years old are screened for this study under protocol 98-H-0102 and this protocol. Screening tests include blood tests, echocardiogram to measure heart thickness, Holter monitor to record heartbeats, treadmill exercise test, and various imaging tests including a thallium scan, radionuclide angiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cardiac catheterization to examine heart function and blood supply.

Patients admitted to the study will be randomly assigned to take either cyclosporine tablets or a placebo (a look-alike tablet with no active ingredient) twice a day for 6 months. During a brief hospital stay at the start of the study, blood samples will be taken to measure cyclosporine levels. After discharge, heart rate and blood pressure will be checked and blood tests done during follow-up visits once a week for 2 weeks and then every two weeks until the end of the 6-month treatment period. At that time, patients will be hospitalized a second time for repeat tests to determine the effects of the drug on the heart condition. They include thallium scan, radionuclide angiogram, MRI, treadmill exercise test, cardiac catheterization, and echocardiogram. An echocardiogram and MRI will be repeated 1 year after the start of the study to evaluate long term effects of the drug, if any.

Description

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic cardiac disease characterized by marked increase in cardiac mass caused by proliferation/hypertrophy of several cell types (myocytes, fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells). There is often associated left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and myocardial ischemia. The severity of the LV hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and myocardial ischemia are important determinants of clinical course. In several animal models of LV hypertrophy, calcineurin has been implicated in the development of myocardial hypertrophy, leading to cardiac dilatation and failure. Inhibitors of calcineurin (Cyclosporin A and FK506) have been shown to prevent the development of cardiac hypertrophy in these animal models, where cardiac hypertrophy is related to sarcomeric dysfunction. We propose to study the ability of Cyclosporin A (CsA) to reduce LV mass, and to improve symptoms, LV diastolic function, and myocardial perfusion in HCM caused by sarcomeric gene mutations.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic

Intervention

Cyclosporine A

Location

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Completed

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:19-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An autosomal dominant inherited form of HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY. It results from any of more than 50 mutations involving genes encoding contractile proteins such as VENTRICULAR MYOSINS; cardiac TROPONIN T; ALPHA-TROPOMYOSIN.

A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).

A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).

An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)

Isoforms of MYOSIN TYPE II, specifically found in the ventricular muscle of the HEART. Defects in the genes encoding ventricular myosins result in FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY.

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