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Sensory Function in Idiopathic Voice Disorders

2014-08-27 03:59:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This research study is designed to improve understanding about voice disorders that are due to uncontrolled muscle contractions affecting the voice box. The type of voice disorder depends on which muscles of the voice box are involved. Abductor spasmodic dysphonia may lead to a weak voice. Adductor spasmodic dysphonia may result in a strangled voice. Muscular tension dysphonia may lead to a strained voice. Some of the major goals of the study are to;

1. understand how sensation from the voice box affects voice and speech production

2. develop better ways to diagnose sensation abnormalities affecting the voice box

3. determine if patients with voice disorders differ from persons without voice disorders in the way they respond to sensory information from their voice box

Researchers believe that by understanding better how sensations of the voice box are presented and how the muscles in the larynx respond to those sensations they will be able to develop better treatments for patients suffering from voice disorders. ...

Description

Study Aim One: To develop and validate objective procedures for quantifying efferent responses to non-invasive laryngeal mechanical and aerodynamic stimulation.

Study Aim Two: To develop and validate an objective test of brain stem evoked responses to laryngeal stimulation using electrical stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve.

Study Aim Three: To determine whether individuals with idiopathic voice disorders have abnormal conditioning of their responses to laryngeal mechanical and aerodynamic stimulation.

Study Aim Four: To determine whether individuals with idiopathic voice disorders have abnormal brain stem responses to laryngeal stimuli.

Study Aim Five: To evaluate whether sensory input plays a role in symptom generation in laryngeal motor control disorders, temporary bilateral ISLN blockade will be used in idiopathic voice disorders.

Study Aim Six: To evaluate whether the central pathophysiology involved in motor responses to sensory stimulation are altered by botulinum toxin injection in individuals with spasmodic dysphonia.

Study Aim Seven: To evaluate central responses to laryngeal afferent stimulation in normal volunteers and patients with idiopathic voice disorders at rest and during vocalization using magnetoencephalography.

These studies will develop improved non-invasive techniques for the diagnosis of laryngeal sensory disorders and will determine if abnormalities in sensory feedback modulation are involved in idiopathic voice disorders. Such findings will lead to improved understanding of the pathophysiology and differential diagnosis of idiopathic voice disorders and may ultimately improve treatment approaches to these disorders.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Phonation Disorder

Location

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Difficulty and/or pain in PHONATION or speaking.

Complete loss of phonation due to organic disease of the larynx or to nonorganic (i.e., psychogenic) causes.

The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.

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A disorder whose predominant feature is a loss or alteration in physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder but that is actually a direct expression of a psychological conflict or need.

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