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This study will evaluate the effectiveness of alendronate in treating the bone abnormality in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and McCune-Albright syndrome. In these diseases, areas of normal bone are replaced with a fibrous growth similar to a scar. The weakened bone causes pain and increases patients' risk of bone fractures and bone deformities. Alendronate belongs to a class of drugs called "bisphosphonates," which are approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat bone weakening, deformity and pain in other medical conditions. It is thought that bisphosphonates might work by slowing the activity of osteoclasts-cells that break down bone.
Patients 12 years of age and older with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia or McCune-Albright syndrome may be eligible for this 3-year study. Candidates must also be enrolled in NIDCR's protocol 98-D-0145 (Screening and Natural History of Patients with Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia and McCune-Albright Syndrome).
Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: they will take one capsule a day of either alendronate or placebo (a look-alike capsule that has no active ingredient). They will take the capsules for 6 months, stop for 6 months, then take them for another 6 months and then go off them for 6 months. They will then remain off the drug or placebo for an additional 12 months and complete the study with a final follow-up visit at 36 months. While taking alendronate or placebo, patients will also take calcium and vitamin D to prevent secondary hyperparathyroidism-a side effect of alendronate in which the bone does not release enough calcium.
Patients will come to NIH for a physical examination and blood and urine tests every 6 months and for monitoring of their bone disease, vision, hearing, pain levels, functional evaluation, and photographs every 12 months. Many of the monitoring procedures, including imaging studies and biopsies, are performed for the screening protocol (98-D-0145) and will not be duplicated for this study. During the study periods when patients are taking alendronate or placebo, they will have blood samples drawn by their local physician once every 3 months and sent to NIH to check for secondary hyperparathyroidism.
If at the end of the study alendronate is found to be effective, patients who were in the placebo treatment group will be offered alendronate for a 24-month period.
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (PFD) is a sporadic disorder which affects multiple sites in the skeleton. The bone at these sites is rapidly resorbed and replaced by abnormal fibrous tissue and mechanically abnormal bone. PFD may occur alone or as part of the McCune-Albright Syndrome (MAS), a syndrome originally defined by the triad of PFD, cafe-au-lait pigmentation of the skin, and precocious puberty. The bony lesions are frequently disfiguring and painful, and depending on the location of the lesion, they can cause significant morbidity. Lesions in weight-bearing bones can lead to disabling fractures, while lesions in the skull can lead to compression of vital structures such as cranial nerves.
Currently there are no clearly-defined systemic therapies for this bone disease. Small, uncontrolled trials using the second generation bisphosphonate, pamidronate, suggest that bisphosphonates may be effective. This study is a phase 2, controlled, double blinded trial of the third generation oral bisphosphonate, alendronate for the treatment of fibrous dysplasia. We propose to show that treatment with alendronate will improve bone quality, decrease bone pain, decrease fractures, and, if the patient is referred to the companion bone grafting protocol, will allow for the regeneration of better quality bone.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:26-0400
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (PFD) is a sporadic disorder which affects multiple sites in the skeleton. The bone at these sites is rapidly resorbed and replaced by abnormal fibrous tissu...
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A disease of bone marked by thinning of the cortex and replacement of bone marrow by gritty fibrous tissue containing bony spicules, producing pain, disability, and gradually increasing deformity. Only one bone may be involved (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, MONOSTOTIC) or several (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
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Light brown pigmented macules associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS and Albright's syndrome (see FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC).
FIBROUS DYSPLASIA OF BONE involving only one bone.
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