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Effect of High Levels of Oxygen and Smoking on the Lungs in Human Volunteers

2014-07-23 21:58:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Patients with lung disease experiencing difficulty breathing can be treated with oxygen therapy. This involves the delivery of "extra" oxygen by a face-mask or through small tubes placed in the nose called nasal prongs. This extra oxygen can have concentrations as high as 100% pure oxygen. The concentration of oxygen in normal air is only 21%. The high concentration of oxygen can help to provide enough oxygen for all of the organs in the body. Unfortunately, breathing 100% oxygen for long periods of time can cause changes in the lungs, which are potentially harmful. Researchers believe that by lowering the concentration of oxygen therapy to 40% patients can receive it for longer periods of time without the risk of side effects.

This study is designed to evaluate the effects of oxygen therapy at 100% and 40% for 12 - 18 hours on the lungs of normal volunteers. Results of this study will help to determine if levels of oxygen therapy currently accepted as being "safe" may actually be damaging to the lungs.

Description

Stress such as high oxygen or inflammation can result in damage to proteins by processes such as oxidation or alternative regulation of signaling pathways by post-translational modification of proteins (e.g., phosphorylation). Delivery of oxygen in high concentrations to the lungs can result in damage, which is mediated in large part by reactive oxygen species. Inflammation can result in activation of intracellular signaling pathways. This study will evaluate modification of proteins and nucleic acids in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, bronchial epithelial cells, and peripheral blood of individuals exposed to oxygen or who are smokers. In doing so, it will determine the effects of hyperoxia or inflammation on the lung.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Healthy

Intervention

Oxygen therapy

Location

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Completed

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:58:42-0400

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