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We aim to delineate the range of severity, natural history, molecular etiology, and pathophysiology of Pallister-Hall syndrome (PHS), Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS), McKusick-Kaufman syndrome (MKS), Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), Oro-facial digital syndromes (OFDs), and other overlapping phenotypes. These disorders comprise a syndrome community of overlapping manifestations and we hypothesize that this is a reflection of a common mechanistic pathway. This hypothesis be addressed by a combined clinical-molecular approach where we bring up to 50-100 patients with each disorder to the NIH clinical center for a comprehensive clinical evaluation with follow-up at a frequency appropriate to the disorder. Specimens will be collected and evaluated in the laboratory by linkage analysis, physical mapping, candidate gene characterization, mutation screening, and cell biologic studies of normal mutant proteins.
We aim to use the power of modern molecular genetics and clinical research to delineate the range of severity, natural history, molecular etiology, and pathophysiology of a number of congenital anomaly syndromes. The goal of the research is to develop a knowledge base that allows proper clinical and molecular diagnosis of patients with rare congenital anomaly disorders. Our paradigm is the previous work we have done with Pallister-Hall syndrome (PHS) and Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS), where we have successfully used a combined clinical-molecular approach. Using this strategy, we have brought 50-100 patients or families with these disorders to the NIH clinical center (NIH CC) for a comprehensive clinical evaluation with follow-up at a frequency appropriate to the disorder. We have also clinically and/or molecularly evaluated many additional patients with atypical or non-classic presentations of PHS and GCPS and have conducted exploratory studies of other phenotypes to determine how they might fit into the more general models generated to explain PHS and GCPS. Specimens from patients participating in both the laboratory and clinical arms of the protocol will be collected and evaluated in the laboratory by linkage analysis, physical mapping, candidate gene characterization, mutation screening, and cell biologic studies of normal and mutant proteins.
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:39-0400
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