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Establishing the Physiology of Syringomyelia

2014-08-27 03:59:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The brain and spinal cord are surrounded by fluid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The CSF flows through channels in the brain and around the spinal cord. Occasionally, people are born with malformations of these channels. Syringomyelia is a pocket within the CSF channels that results from abnormal CSF flow. Syringomyelia is associated with problems in the nervous system. Patients with syringomyelia may be unable to detect sensations of pain and heat. If the condition is not treated it can worsen.

Treatment of this condition is surgical. It requires that the flow of CSF is returns to normal. There are many different treatment options, but no one procedure has been shown to be significantly better than any other.

In this study, researchers would like to learn more about how the CSF pressure and flow contribute to the progression of syringomyelia. Ultrasounds and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be used to evaluate the anatomy of the brain. Researchers hope that information gathered about anatomy and measures of CSF pressure and flow can be used later to develop an optimal surgical treatment for syringomyelia. ...

Description

The purpose of this study is to establish the mechanism of development and progression of syringomyelia. Although syringomyelia usually accompanies anatomic abnormalities at the craniocervical junction, the pathophysiology that relates these anatomic abnormalities to syringomyelia development and progression is controversial. We have been testing the hypothesis that progression of syringomyelia associated with the Chiari I malformation is produced by the cerebellar tonsils partially occluding the subarachnoid space at the foramen magnum and acting as a piston on the partially enclosed spinal subarachnoid space, creating enlarged cervical subarachnoid pressure waves which compress the spinal cord from without, not from within, and propagate syrinx fluid caudally with each heartbeat, which leads to syrinx progression. We are also testing the hypothesis that development of syringomyelia results from increased transit of CSF through the spinal cord parenchyma and into the syrinx. Patients are treated with posterior fossa craniectomy, upper cervical laminectomy, and duroplasty. We evaluate cerebrospinal fluid flow and pressure, syrinx size, neurologic function, and the rate of entrance of CSF into the syrinx before and after surgery. These studies and the intraoperative evaluation of the movement of the cerebellar tonsils and the walls of the syrinx are providing data which elucidate the hydrodynamic mechanism of development and progression of syringomyelia.

The best treatment for this type of syringomyelia has not been established. Present surgical treatment results in disease stabilization in many, but not all patients, although objective improvement is less common. Delayed deterioration is not uncommon. Correlation of the anatomic and physiologic measurements should provide data which indicate the mode of development and progression of syringomyelia and which may have implications for the optimal treatment of syringomyelia.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Arnold Chiari Deformity

Location

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Congenital, or rarely acquired, herniation of meningeal and spinal cord tissue through a bony defect in the vertebral column. The majority of these defects occur in the lumbosacral region. Clinical features include PARAPLEGIA, loss of sensation in the lower body, and incontinence. This condition may be associated with the ARNOLD-CHIARI MALFORMATION and HYDROCEPHALUS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp35-6)

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A condition characterized by a broad range of progressive disorders ranging from TENOSYNOVITIS to tendon rupture with or without hindfoot collapse to a fixed, rigid, FLATFOOT deformity. Pathologic changes can involve associated tendons, ligaments, joint structures of the ANKLE, hindfoot, and midfoot. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is the most common cause of acquired flatfoot deformity in adults.

A POSTPARTUM condition consists of persistent lactation (GALACTORRHEA) and AMENORRHEA in patients not BREAST FEEDING.

Plantar declination of the foot.

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