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Patients with uveitis (inflammatory eye disease) often develop cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye) that can impair eyesight. Cataracts can be removed surgically, and this is usually done when poor vision interferes with adequate daily functioning, or when the lens becomes too cloudy to evaluate the level of eye inflammation in uveitis-information needed to adjust medication dosages. After surgery, vision is corrected with special eyeglasses, contact lenses, or intraocular lenses (IOL). IOLs are small, plastic artificial lenses permanently placed inside the eye.
Patients with uveitis who require cataract surgery and whose eye inflammation has been controlled by medicine for at least 3 months may be eligible for this study. Those enrolled in the study will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: one group will have a standard IOL implanted during cataract surgery; the other will receive a heparin-treated IOL.
Before surgery, patients will undergo standard preoperative tests, including chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, blood tests and urinalysis, as well as an eye examination that includes photography of the cornea, iris and retina. Additional tests and examinations to be done at the start of the study and at periodic follow-up visits for about 1 year may include: fluorescein angiography to evaluate the blood vessels of the retina; specular microscopy to examine the surface of the IOL; cell and flare measurements to evaluate inflammation, and ultrasound to examine the back of the eye.
The purpose of this project is to evaluate the ability of a heparin-surface modified intraocular lens to reduce the incidence and severity of post-operative inflammation in patients with uveitis undergoing extracapsular cataract surgery. Patients who have a history of uveitis and have been in remission on steroids and/or cyclosporine or cytotoxic agents for at least three months will be considered for this study. They will be randomized in a masked fashion to either a surface-modified lens or to a non-modified lens of similar design. The intraocular inflammation will be assessed using standardized clinical criteria, and by a laser cell flare meter at those sites using this equipment. The presence of inflammatory cells on the lens surface will be assessed using specular micrography. In an initial period, the study will only be carried out in the Clinical Center of the National Eye Institute (NEI) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). However, in order to complete the study in a reasonable period of time, it may be expanded to include several outside centers.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment
heparin-surface modified intraocular lens
National Eye Institute (NEI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:58:45-0400
To investigate the safety and efficacy of a heparin surface-modified intraocular lens in patients with uveitis undergoing cataract surgery. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intraocu...
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Insertion of an artificial lens to replace the natural CRYSTALLINE LENS after CATARACT EXTRACTION or to supplement the natural lens which is left in place.
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Presence of an intraocular lens after cataract extraction.
The portion of the crystalline lens surrounding the nucleus and bound anteriorly by the epithelium and posteriorly by the capsule. It contains lens fibers and amorphous, intercellular substance.
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