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Studies have shown that up to 26% of patients with systemic lupus erythematoses nephritis may suffer from membranous lupus nephropathy. The disease is characterized by high levels of protein in the urine and may eventually lead to kidney failure.
This study will evaluate the effectiveness and toxic effects of immunosuppressive drug therapy in patients with membranous lupus nephropathy over a 12 month period. The major goal of this therapy is to decrease protein losses and ultimately prevent kidney failure.
Patients enrolled in the study will undergo a routine history and physical examination. In addition, several diagnostic tests will be conducted including; chest x-ray ECG, blood and urine laboratory tests.
Patients will be divided and grouped according to the severity of their disease as shown by kidney function. Each group will then randomly be subcategorized by different treatment plans. Each treatment plan will made up of immunosuppressive medications including prednisone, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporin A, and combinations of these drugs. Patients will receive the medications as directed by the study.
The study will last 12 months and require patients to be admitted for two to five days before the study begins and once the study is completed. Patients will be followed as outpatients throughout the 12 month study.
This is a phase 2 trial to evaluate the effectiveness and toxicity of immunosuppressive drug therapy in patients with membranous lupus nephropathy over a 12 month study period. Patients with renal biopsy documented membranous nephropathy will all be treated with alternate day prednisone and will be randomized to receive: a) no additional therapy (control group), b) intravenous cyclophosphamide up to 1.0 gm per m(2) body surface area every other month for 6 total doses, or c) oral cyclosporin A up to 200 mg per m(2) body surface area daily for a total of 11 months. Patients with glomerular filtration rates 25-66 ml/min will be randomized only to prednisone alone or to prednisone plus cyclophosphamide. Renal function and disease activity will be monitored throughout the study; physiologic measures of glomerular function (GFR, permselectivity) will be examined at study entry and at the conclusion of the study. Comparison will be made of the number of favorable outcomes of glomerular function as well as drug related toxicities achieved by each treatment group at the end of the 12th study month.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment
prednisone, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporin A
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:42-0400
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A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.
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Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY without inflammatory or neoplastic components. Nephrosis may be a primary disorder or secondary complication of other diseases. It is characterized by the NEPHROTIC SYNDROME indicating the presence of PROTEINURIA and HYPOALBUMINEMIA with accompanying EDEMA.
A kidney disease with no or minimal histological glomerular changes on light microscopy and with no immune deposits. It is characterized by lipid accumulation in the epithelial cells of KIDNEY TUBULES and in the URINE. Patients usually show NEPHROTIC SYNDROME indicating the presence of PROTEINURIA with accompanying EDEMA.
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