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Mechanisms of host immune response to intracellular protozoa will be investigated in patients with naturally acquired infection employing a variety of in-vitro techniques. Both non-specific and antigen-specific humoral and cellular immune responses will be assessed. Parasites will be isolated from patients, cultivated in-vitro, and characterized. Responses to chemotherapy will be assessed parasitologically, immunologically and clinically.
The main purpose of this protocol is to permit us to see patients who are referred to us for diagnosis and treatment of known or suspected leishmaniasis (from the Peace Corps, Smithsonian Institution, tourists, etc.). In the process of working up these patients, we sometimes encounter parasite isolates that are useful for research. We also can perform tests of cell-mediated immune function to evaluate how patients are responding to therapy. In addition, the protocol permits us to observe therapeutic responses to other drugs besides pentavalent antimony, if necessary.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:42-0400
The primary objective of this protocol is to treat laboratory confirmed cutaneous leishmaniasis with WR 279,396 in military health care beneficiaries. In this study "cutaneous leishmaniasi...
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is typically treated with the parenteral product pentavalent antimony. Miltefosine is an oral agent shown to be active for mucosal leishmaniasis due to L braziliens...
The objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness and toxicity of WR 279,396, a topical cream for the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. This study is to be conducted with ...
Symptomatic Visceral Leishmaniasis(VL)is fatal; Due to the increasing resistance to standard therapy with antimonials, there is a need for new safe, efficacious, low-cost therapies for the...
The purpose of this Treatment IND is to make miltefosine available for mucocutaneous leishmaniasis patients presenting in the United States. If entrance criteria are met, subjects with mu...
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by several different species of Leishmania. Treatment of leishmaniasis involves a limited drug arsenal that is associated with severe side effects,...
Leishmaniasis is endemic in many countries worldwide, with a prevalence of 12 million people infected, and an estimated annual incidence of 500 000 visceral leishmaniasis cases. In Europe visceral lei...
Among the neglected tropical diseases, leishmaniasis continues to be prevalent in many tropical and subtropical countries despite international, national, and local efforts towards its control and eli...
There is a clear need for new strategies of leishmaniasis treatment. This work was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the co-administration of tamoxifen and meglumine antimoniate (Sb ) in a phase I...
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is the most frequent form of leishmaniasis, with 0.7 to 1.2 million cases per year globally. However, the burden of CL is poorly documented in some regions. We carried out...
A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals including rodents. The Leishmania mexicana complex causes both cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS) and includes the subspecies amazonensis, garnhami, mexicana, pifanoi, and venezuelensis. L. m. mexicana causes chiclero ulcer, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) in the New World. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, appears to be the vector.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania viannia that infects man and animals. It causes cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS) depending on the subspecies of this organism. The sandfly, Lutzomyia, is the vector. The Leishmania braziliensis complex includes the subspecies braziliensis and peruviana. Uta, a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the New World, is caused by the subspecies peruviana.
An endemic disease that is characterized by the development of single or multiple localized lesions on exposed areas of skin that typically ulcerate. The disease has been divided into Old and New World forms. Old World leishmaniasis is separated into three distinct types according to epidemiology and clinical manifestations and is caused by species of the L. tropica and L. aethiopica complexes as well as by species of the L. major genus. New World leishmaniasis, also called American leishmaniasis, occurs in South and Central America and is caused by species of the L. mexicana or L. braziliensis complexes.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania viannia that infects man and animals and causes mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS). Transmission is by Lutzomyia sandflies.
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An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...