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Active Immunization of HIV-1 Infected, Pregnant Women With CD4 Lymphocyte Counts >= 400/mm3: A Phase I Study of Safety and Immunogenicity of MN rgp120/HIV-1 Vaccine (NOTE: Some Patients Receive Placebo)

2014-08-27 03:59:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To evaluate the safety of rgp120/HIV-1MN vaccine in HIV-1 infected pregnant women with CD4 counts >= 400 cells/mm3. To evaluate the immunogenicity of this vaccine in pregnant women and the passive acquisition of vaccine-specific antibody in their infants. To evaluate the induction or augmentation by rgp120/HIV-1MN vaccine of mucosal immune response in the gastrointestinal and reproductive tracts during pregnancy. To isolate and genetically characterize the HIV-1 present in cervicovaginal fluid specimens of pregnant women and compare it to that present in their peripheral blood mononuclear cells and to that of their infected infants.

Evidence suggests that an advanced stage of disease with high plasma viremia is associated with increased transmission of HIV-1 to the fetus. Slowing the progression of disease, reducing the titer of virus in plasma, and increasing the titer of epitope-specific antibody are potentially attainable goals through active immunization of the mother during pregnancy.

Description

Evidence suggests that an advanced stage of disease with high plasma viremia is associated with increased transmission of HIV-1 to the fetus. Slowing the progression of disease, reducing the titer of virus in plasma, and increasing the titer of epitope-specific antibody are potentially attainable goals through active immunization of the mother during pregnancy.

Pregnant women are randomized to receive an initial injection of MN rgp120 vaccine or alum placebo between week 16 and week 24 of gestation, followed by monthly booster injections concluding at the end of pregnancy, for a total of five injections. Patients may have optional booster immunizations (vaccine or placebo) at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after delivery. Mothers and infants are followed through 18 months after delivery. Per 06/94 addendum, patients will be contacted once or twice per year for at least 5 years to check on health status of patient and child. PER 12/21/94 ADDENDUM, post-partum immunizations are discontinued.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

rgp120/HIV-1MN

Location

San Francisco Gen Hosp
San Francisco
California
United States
941102859

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:48-0400

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AIDS and HIV
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