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A Study of Dideoxycytidine Plus Zidovudine (AZT) in HIV-Infected Children Who Have Taken AZT

2014-07-24 14:36:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

PRIMARY: To determine safety, tolerance, and pharmacokinetics of zidovudine (AZT) and zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) when given in combination in clinically stable AZT-treated children.

SECONDARY: To compare combination therapy with mono drug therapy for antiviral activity and laboratory markers of disease progression, as determined by virologic and immunologic determinations. To evaluate the influence of combination therapy on disease progression as determined by evaluation of clinical criteria.

In children currently being treated with AZT, it is unknown whether the addition of another antiretroviral agent such as ddC would help increase efficacy and tolerance. This study will examine the possible advantages of combination AZT/ddC therapy over monotherapy with AZT alone.

Description

In children currently being treated with AZT, it is unknown whether the addition of another antiretroviral agent such as ddC would help increase efficacy and tolerance. This study will examine the possible advantages of combination AZT/ddC therapy over monotherapy with AZT alone.

Patients are stratified according to duration of ongoing AZT therapy and are randomized to receive AZT either alone or in combination with ddC. Patients receive therapy until the last patient enrolled completes 32 weeks of therapy. The study may be extended for two additional 32-week periods on an optional basis.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Zidovudine, Zalcitabine

Location

Univ of Alabama at Birmingham Schl of Med / Pediatrics
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:34-0400

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Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.

A reverse transcriptase inhibitor and ZALCITABINE analog in which a sulfur atom replaces the 3' carbon of the pentose ring. It is used to treat HIV disease.

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