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A Comparison of Three Treatments for Advanced HIV Disease in Patients Who Have Received Nucleoside Therapy in the Past

2014-08-27 03:59:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To compare the efficacy, safety and tolerance, and other clinical and immunologic effects of zidovudine (AZT) plus zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC), AZT plus didanosine (ddI), and AZT alternating monthly with ddI as measured by differences in survival among HIV-infected persons who have received 6 or more months of nucleoside monotherapy and have a CD4 count greater than or equal to 50 cells/mm3.

Combining two nucleoside drugs has the theoretical advantage of optimal protection against the evolution of resistant strains of HIV. However, one major problem with combination nucleoside therapy in patients with advanced disease is the increased toxicity resulting from such therapy. One approach to minimize toxicity while perhaps retaining some of the benefits of combination therapy is to alternate the two drugs.

Description

Combining two nucleoside drugs has the theoretical advantage of optimal protection against the evolution of resistant strains of HIV. However, one major problem with combination nucleoside therapy in patients with advanced disease is the increased toxicity resulting from such therapy. One approach to minimize toxicity while perhaps retaining some of the benefits of combination therapy is to alternate the two drugs.

Patients are randomized to one of three treatment arms: AZT plus ddI, AZT plus ddC, and AZT alone alternating monthly with ddI. Half of the patients receiving AZT alternating monthly with ddI will start with AZT, while the other half will start with ddI. Treatment continues until death or termination of the study. Patients are followed every 4 weeks. The study will include a subset of patients for whom virologic, pharmacokinetic, and macroneurologic assessments will be made.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Zidovudine, Zalcitabine, Didanosine

Location

Univ of Southern California / LA County USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles
California
United States
900331079

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:48-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

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