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The purpose of this study is to determine if a relationship exists between the level of antituberculosis drugs (isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide) in the blood and the outcome of HIV-positive patients with tuberculosis. This study also evaluates how these drugs are absorbed and metabolized in the body.
Patients receive up to 8 weeks of two or more anti-tuberculosis drugs, of which at least two are isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, or ethambutol. Blood specimens are collected at 2, 6, and 10 hours after administration of study medication, once between Days 10 and 14 of a phase of daily treatment and once while on an intermittent dose regimen (twice weekly or three times weekly).
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ethambutol hydrochloride, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide, Pyridoxine hydrochloride, Rifampin
Univ of Southern California / LA County USC Med Ctr
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:50-0400
To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of a 2-month regimen of rifampin and pyrazinamide versus a 1-year course of isoniazid (INH) to prevent the development of tuberculosis in patients...
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Although effective therapy for tuberculosis is available, TB continues to cause significant problems worldwide, and rates of multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB cases are on the rise. A major ob...
To evaluate and compare the safety and effectiveness of a one-year course of isoniazid (INH) versus a two-month course of rifampin plus pyrazinamide for the prevention of reactivation tube...
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A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
Tuberculosis resistant to ISONIAZID and RIFAMPIN and at least three of the six main classes of second-line drugs (AMINOGLYCOSIDES; polypeptide agents; FLUOROQUINOLONES; THIOAMIDES; CYCLOSERINE; and PARA-AMINOSALICYLIC ACID) as defined by the CDC.
A benzamide derivative that is used as a dopamine antagonist.
4(1-Naphthylvinyl)pyridine hydrochloride. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Synonym: YuB 25.
Used in the form of the hydrochloride as a reagent in ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Over nine million new cases of TB, and nearly two million deaths from TB, are estimated to occur around the world every year, and new inf...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...