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Phase I Trial of an Intervention to Increase Condom Use by HIV-Discordant Couples

2014-08-27 03:59:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To assess the acceptability of and participation in a group counseling intervention, including an assessment of willingness to disclose serostatus to a regular sexual partner and the willingness of that partner to participate. To evaluate the profile of adverse experiences (social, psychological, and physical harms) of individuals resulting from participation in counseling and testing and attempts to initiate condom use within a stable HIV serodiscordant partnership. To assess the potential for the intervention to result in increased condom use among stable sexual partners.

There is a significant risk of HIV transmission to HIV-uninfected partners in HIV-discordant couples. While condom use has been a major component of most AIDS prevention programs since the mid-1980s, there has been little emphasis on promoting condom use within stable partnerships. The most effective way to promote condom use among discordant couples remains largely unknown.

Description

There is a significant risk of HIV transmission to HIV-uninfected partners in HIV-discordant couples. While condom use has been a major component of most AIDS prevention programs since the mid-1980s, there has been little emphasis on promoting condom use within stable partnerships. The most effective way to promote condom use among discordant couples remains largely unknown.

A pilot study to assess the acceptability of intervention precedes the main study. The Phase I study recruits 15 HIV-infected men and 15 HIV-infected women and their partners at each of three sites (India, Thailand, and Uganda). Volunteers participate in a multi-session group-based condom promotion program for approximately 12 months. Couples are organized into small groups consisting of 4 to 6 couples per group. Each group meets for a total of 4 sessions within a 2- to 4-week period. Follow-up interviews are conducted at Months 1 and 3 following completion of the intervention.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Group counseling intervention

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:53-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.

Counseling conducted via electronic or other non-face-to-face interactions.

A study that compares a group of participants receiving an intervention with a similar group from the past who did not.

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