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The Safety and Effects of 1592U89 Used Alone or in Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs in HIV-Infected Infants and Children

2014-07-24 14:36:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To assess the steady state pharmacokinetic features, tolerance, and safety of orally administered 1592U89, given alone or in combination with other antiretroviral medications, in HIV infected infants and children. To establish doses of 1592U89 appropriate for future pediatric Phase II/III clinical trials.

On the basis of the preclinical and clinical studies, 1592U89 appears to be a promising agent for treatment of HIV infection in children, either as an alternative to currently employed agents, or in combination therapy regimens. A liquid formulation of the drug is available; thus concurrent development of 1592U89 for children and adults is possible.

Description

On the basis of the preclinical and clinical studies, 1592U89 appears to be a promising agent for treatment of HIV infection in children, either as an alternative to currently employed agents, or in combination therapy regimens. A liquid formulation of the drug is available; thus concurrent development of 1592U89 for children and adults is possible.

In part 1, patients will receive 1592U89 monotherapy for 12 weeks. Patients will be assigned initially to a low dose of 1592U89 (Dose A). Those patients who tolerate the drug for at least six weeks without a toxicity of grade 3 or above attributable to study drug will have their 1592U89 dose increased (Dose B). If none of those patients experience a life threatening event attributable to study drug, subsequent enrollees will be assigned initially to Dose B. In part 2, each participant will be assigned randomly (1:1:1:1) within their age and Part 1 regimen stratum to one of the four agents: Zidovudine (ZDV), Stavudine (d4T), Didanosine (ddI) or Lamivudine (3TC) in combination with 1592U89.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Abacavir sulfate, Lamivudine, Stavudine, Zidovudine, Didanosine

Location

UCSD Med Ctr / Pediatrics / Clinical Sciences
La Jolla
California
United States
920930672

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.

An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 3.1.6.13.

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