Advertisement

Topics

Detection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) in Vaginocervical Secretions: Correlation With Clinical Status, Virologic and Immunologic Parameters, and the Presence of Other Infections

2014-08-27 03:59:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To correlate HIV-1 viral load in vaginocervical secretions (VCS), as measured by culture and nucleic acid detection, with that found in peripheral blood and HIV clinical status. To determine whether systemic and local HIV specific antibody influences the quality and type of virus isolated from VCS. To ascertain whether the presence of specific infectious agents (e.g., HPV, HSV, CMV, etc.) influences the amount and type of virus isolated from VCS.

Predictors for the development of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in HIV infected individuals have been studied primarily among adult males and in selected small populations. Although many of these predictors may be relevant to women, HIV infection does manifest itself differently between the sexes. Therefore, it is important to study the spectrum of HIV disease in women and to identify unique and common markers, cofactors, and predictors of disease progression.

Description

Predictors for the development of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in HIV infected individuals have been studied primarily among adult males and in selected small populations. Although many of these predictors may be relevant to women, HIV infection does manifest itself differently between the sexes. Therefore, it is important to study the spectrum of HIV disease in women and to identify unique and common markers, cofactors, and predictors of disease progression.

Part 009: HIV-infected female adults, independent of CD4+ cell count, will provide blood and VCS specimens obtained at a single study visit, regardless of ovulatory phase.

NOTE: Subjects in this study will be patients who are currently enrolled in a multisite longitudinal study, Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), which is designed to elucidate the natural history of infection with HIV-1 in U.S. women. Participation in DATRI 009 will require additional blood at the patient's scheduled WIHS visit.

Part 009a: Consent will be obtained from 65 women to allow additional evaluations to be completed on their reserve VCS specimen and on an additional peripheral blood specimen, specifically obtained for DATRI 009a during their 009 visit. An additional 8 ml CPT tube will be collected from these patients, bringing their total blood volume to 32 ml at their scheduled WIHS visit.

Study Design

Observational Model: Natural History

Conditions

HIV Infections

Location

Univ of California / San Francisco
San Francisco
California
United States
94143

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:55-0400

Clinical Trials [231 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Japanese Study Evaluating Safety, Efficacy and Acceptability of Telithromycin in Children With Infections

The primary objective is to assess the safety of telithromycin (HMR 3647) (20% fine granules) 1g filling sachet in children with infections (Respiratory tract infections, Dermatological in...

An Investigational Agent for the Treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections or Acute Pelvic Infections

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of an approved medication for adults for an investigational use in pediatric patients 3 months to 17 years for the treatment of complic...

Central Nervous System Infections in Denmark

The Danish Study Group of Infections of the Brain is a collaboration between all departments of infectious diseases in Denmark. The investigators aim to monitor epidemiological trends in c...

Caspofungin Study for Fungal Infections in Adults in Critical Care Settings

Adults admitted to intensive care units are at risk for a variety of complications. One of the most frequent complications is the development of new infections. Infections due to a fungus...

Surgical Wound Infections After Vascular Surgery: Prospective Multicenter Trial

The purpose of this multicentre prospective trial is to determine the incidence and risk factors for surgical wound infections. Also the investigators will evaluate consequences of wound i...

PubMed Articles [3371 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Rhodotorula species infections in humans: a systematic review.

Fungal infections by Rhodotorula species are increasingly reported in the literature and consist of bloodstream infections, especially in patients with central venous catheters (CVC), as well as centr...

A New Scoring System to Predict Blood Stream Infections in Patients with Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections: Experience from a Tertiary Referral Hospital in China.

This purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of blood stream infections (BSIs) on the prognosis of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) and to make predictions base...

Characteristics and Outcome of Twenty-Nine Implant-Related Infections of the Hand and Fingers: Results from a Twelve-Year Observational Study.

Implant-related infections in hand surgery are dreaded complications, potentially leading to loss of finger joint function or amputation. Knowledge about the clinical presentation and treatment concep...

A Case-Control Study: Clinical Characteristics of Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections Versus Non-bloodstream Infections of Acinetobacter spp.

Acinetobacter spp. are among the most common causes of bacterial nosocomial infections, including pneumonia and bloodstream infections. Previous studies on the risk factors of bloodstream Acinetobacte...

Clinical implications of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections in Malawi.

Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections are common in Malawi, however, the implications of these infections for the burden of malaria illness are unknown. Whether asymptomatic infections eventua...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)

Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.

Infections with viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES. The concept includes FILOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

More From BioPortfolio on "Detection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) in Vaginocervical Secretions: Correlation With Clinical Status, Virologic and Immunologic Parameters, and the Presence of Other Infections"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topic

Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...


Searches Linking to this Trial