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A Study of Indinavir Sulfate Plus Zidovudine (AZT) Plus Lamivudine in HIV-Infected Patients Who Have Taken AZT for Six or More Months

2014-08-27 03:59:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To determine the clinical efficacy of indinavir sulfate or placebo in combination with zidovudine ( AZT ) and lamivudine ( 3TC ) in AIDS patients.

Protease inhibitors such as indinavir sulfate may be effective in patients with advanced HIV disease who have received prior AZT therapy. Since studies suggest that triple drug therapy may have an advantage over both monotherapy and two drug therapy, the combination of indinavir sulfate with AZT and 3TC should be evaluated.

Description

Protease inhibitors such as indinavir sulfate may be effective in patients with advanced HIV disease who have received prior AZT therapy. Since studies suggest that triple drug therapy may have an advantage over both monotherapy and two drug therapy, the combination of indinavir sulfate with AZT and 3TC should be evaluated.

Patients are randomized to receive open-label AZT and 3TC with or without indinavir sulfate for at least 48 weeks. Patients who develop intolerance to AZT or have progressive disease after 24 weeks on study may substitute stavudine ( d4T ) for AZT. Patients are followed at weeks 4, 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, and 48 and every 8 weeks thereafter up to week 96. [AS PER 02/25/97 AMENDMENT: Accrual has been halted because interim analysis has shown triple therapy superior to double-agent therapy. An open label extension phase has been added for the period through 06/30/97. Patients who had been randomized to AZT/3TC are given the option of continuing on assigned ACTG 320 study drugs, crossing over to open-label indinavir, or permanently discontinuing all study therapies and going off study. Patients who were randomized to AZT/3TC plus indinavir or who were crossed to such therapy are given the option of continuing their currently assigned therapies. It is strongly suggested that patients who were on AZT/3TC who wish to receive open-label indinavir consider changing the nucleoside analog component of their regimen if at all possible.] [ AS PER 06/06/97 AMENDMENT: The availability of the current ACTG 320 treatment has been further extended for approximately 12 additional weeks (but not beyond 09/30/97). This extension will allow patients to continue receiving study medications until ACTG 372 is open to accrual (the rollover protocol for subjects originally randomized to the triple drug component of ACTG 320 or who are crossed over due to a confirmed study endpoint is finalized).] [ AS PER 09/15/97 AMENDMENT: Open-label therapy will be provided for no more than 90 days beyond the enrollment of the first subject on ACTG 372.]

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Indinavir sulfate, Lamivudine, Stavudine, Zidovudine

Location

Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:55-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.

An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 3.1.6.13.

A dideoxynucleoside analog that inhibits reverse transcriptase and has in vitro activity against HIV.

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