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A Phase I Trial to Evaluate Didanosine (ddI) in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women

2014-07-24 14:36:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To assess the pharmacokinetics, safety, and toxicity of intravenous and oral didanosine (ddI) administration in third trimester pregnant women who are HIV positive but are either intolerant or resistant to zidovudine (AZT). To collect data on infant toxicity following maternal treatment with ddI during the third trimester of pregnancy.

AZT may not be the optimal antiretroviral agent for all pregnant women requiring therapy for HIV infection. Although ddI has been approved for use in HIV-infected adults and older children, the safety and pharmacokinetics of ddI in pregnant women has not yet been determined.

Description

AZT may not be the optimal antiretroviral agent for all pregnant women requiring therapy for HIV infection. Although ddI has been approved for use in HIV-infected adults and older children, the safety and pharmacokinetics of ddI in pregnant women has not yet been determined.

Patients receive a single IV dose of ddI on day 1 and pharmacokinetics values are determined. At least 48 hours but no more than 1 week after the IV dose, patients receive an oral dose, and oral pharmacokinetics are obtained for 8 hours. Oral ddI is then administered every 12 hours until labor commences and then after delivery, every 12 hours until 6 weeks postpartum. During labor and delivery, patients receive a loading dose of ddI followed by continuous infusion. Pharmacokinetics are obtained during infusion and also at 6 weeks postpartum. AS PER AMENDMENT 11/24/97: Maternal IV pharmacokinetic studies will not be performed after ddI IV formulation has expired (11/30/97). Maternal and cord samples will be required regardless of whether mother has received continuous IV ddI during labor.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Didanosine

Location

UCSD Med Ctr / Pediatrics / Clinical Sciences
La Jolla
California
United States
920930672

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:38-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

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