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Virologic Responses To New Nucleoside Regimens After Prolonged ZDV or ddI Monotherapy

2014-08-27 03:59:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To elucidate the relationship between virologic risk factors and immunologic and clinical progression in patients receiving monotherapy in protocol ACTG 175, and to compare new treatment regimens with combinations of reverse transcriptase inhibitors in long-term recipients of monotherapy. Specifically, to determine, in patients who have been taking zidovudine (AZT) alone for a long time, whether it is beneficial to add lamivudine (3TC) to AZT or to switch to d4T alone, and also to determine, in patients who have been taking didanosine (ddI) alone for a long time, whether it is beneficial to add AZT or AZT/3TC to ddI.

Characteristics of virus replication, pathogenicity, and resistance are thought to determine the durability of virologic and clinical response to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Previous results of ACTG 175 suggest that either a switch to ddI or addition of ddI in patients receiving AZT results in better clinical, virologic, and CD4 cell response compared to continuation of AZT alone.

Description

Characteristics of virus replication, pathogenicity, and resistance are thought to determine the durability of virologic and clinical response to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Previous results of ACTG 175 suggest that either a switch to ddI or addition of ddI in patients receiving AZT results in better clinical, virologic, and CD4 cell response compared to continuation of AZT alone.

Patients with prior AZT experience only are randomized to receive either d4T alone or AZT/3TC. Patients with prior ddI experience only are randomized to receive ddI/AZT or ddI/AZT/3TC. PER AMENDMENT 8/27/96: The study has been extended 6 months and treatment will be available until March 15, 1997 at the latest. Each patient will have regularly scheduled 12 week safety visits during the extension period.

AS PER AMENDMENT 1/22/97: The study has been extended for approximately 16 additional weeks beyond the current 6-month extension. Subjects will be unblinded to their assigned regimen beginning 2/21/97 and will continue therapy for up to 16 weeks in open-label fashion. AS PER AMENDMENT 5/9/97: The study has been extended for an additional 8 weeks; study drug will not be provided after 9/15/97.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Lamivudine, Stavudine, Zidovudine, Didanosine

Location

UCLA CARE Ctr
Los Angeles
California
United States
90095

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:55-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

A dideoxynucleoside analog that inhibits reverse transcriptase and has in vitro activity against HIV.

Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)

Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

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