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A Comparative Study of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy in Children and Adolescents With Advanced HIV Disease

2014-08-27 03:59:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To compare the antiviral activity, safety, toxicity, and steady-state pharmacokinetics of zidovudine, didanosine, and nevirapine used in combination in patients with HIV infection.

The duration of clinical benefit from zidovudine (AZT) may be limited because of development of viral resistance to the drug. Use of combination antiretroviral therapy can potentially reduce viral load and prevent emergence of multidrug resistance.

Description

The duration of clinical benefit from zidovudine (AZT) may be limited because of development of viral resistance to the drug. Use of combination antiretroviral therapy can potentially reduce viral load and prevent emergence of multidrug resistance.

In Stage 1 of the study, a minimum of 22 patients are randomized to each of three treatment arms: didanosine (ddI) plus AZT plus nevirapine (NVP); ddI plus AZT; and ddI plus NVP. After 12 weeks of treatment, the study proceeds to Stage 2 provided at least 40 percent of patients in Stage 1 show a reduction of at least 40 percent from baseline ICD p24 antigen of greater than or equal to 70 pg/ml AND fewer than two patients experience grade 4 rash. Patients in Stage 1 continue treatment for an additional 36 weeks. In Stage 2, additional patients are randomized to each original treatment regimen until a maximum of 130 patients per arm have been entered. Stage 2 patients receive treatment for at least 48 weeks.

AS PER AMENDMENT 02/12/97: As of 2/28/97, patients receiving study drugs will be offered blinded study drugs for an additional 16 weeks (until 6/30/97). Patients will be unblinded on or about 5/23/97.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Nevirapine, Zidovudine, Didanosine

Location

Univ of Alabama at Birmingham Schl of Med / Pediatrics
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:59:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)

Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

A potent, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used in combination with nucleoside analogues for treatment of HIV infection and AIDS.

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