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A Phase I Concentration-Controlled Trial to Assess the Safety, Tolerance, Pharmacokinetics and Development of Decreased HIV-1 Susceptibility to the Combination of Atevirdine Mesylate (U-87201E), Zidovudine (AZT), and Didanosine (ddI)

2014-07-24 14:36:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Part I: To determine the pharmacokinetic dose for atevirdine mesylate ( U-87201E ) when used in combination with zidovudine ( AZT ). To determine the pharmacokinetic profiles of U-87201E and AZT over a 12-week period.

Part II: To determine whether or not decreased viral susceptibility to U-87201E develops when the drug is administered concomitantly with AZT for 12 weeks.

Part III: To evaluate the pharmacokinetic effects of ddI/AZT/U-87201E therapy and to assess changes in viral susceptibility to U-87201E.

Interest exists in the development of antiretroviral agents that possess different mechanisms of action from nucleoside analogs such as AZT. U-87201E is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor that has demonstrated activity against HIV-1; however, an emerging characteristic of non-nucleoside RT inhibitors is the development of rapid resistance to HIV isolates. Whether this resistance can be prevented in the presence of nucleoside analogs such as AZT and ddI has yet to be determined.

Description

Interest exists in the development of antiretroviral agents that possess different mechanisms of action from nucleoside analogs such as AZT. U-87201E is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor that has demonstrated activity against HIV-1; however, an emerging characteristic of non-nucleoside RT inhibitors is the development of rapid resistance to HIV isolates. Whether this resistance can be prevented in the presence of nucleoside analogs such as AZT and ddI has yet to be determined.

Part I: Five male patients enter a pharmacokinetic concentration-controlled trial of U-87201E plus zidovudine at the University of Rochester site only. A target plasma concentration range at trough for U-87201E will be determined. Pharmacokinetic monitoring continues for 7 days or until the desired dose regimen has been determined. The five patients may be eligible to continue in Part II of the study to complete a total of 12 weeks of therapy.

Part II: At least 10 male patients (all sites eligible) in addition to the five patients from Part I receive doses of U-87201E as determined by Part I and AZT at the same dose as in Part I. Therapy is administered for 12 weeks. Patients with no decreased viral susceptibility to U-87201E after 6 weeks may be offered an extension to 24 or more weeks of therapy. Patients are followed weekly for 8 weeks and every other week thereafter until the end of the study.

Part III: At least eight patients who have received 24 weeks of U-87201E/AZT have ddI added to the regimen for 12 additional weeks.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Atevirdine mesylate, Zidovudine, Didanosine

Location

Univ of Southern California / LA County USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles
California
United States
900331079

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:39-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.

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