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To determine the effectiveness of dipyridamole and aspirin in prevention of restenosis of the dilated lesion in patients who had undergone percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Secondary aims were to determine the effectiveness of platelet inhibitor therapy in reducing the incidence of coronary events and the severity and incidence of angina.
By dilating coronary stenoses, PTCA can relieve angina pectoris and improve exercise tolerance and left ventricular function. However, restenosis occurs in 20-30 percent of dilated stenoses within three to six months following PTCA making it necessary to restrict patient activities, resume antianginal medications, repeat PTCA, or perform coronary artery bypass surgery.
Balloon dilatation of the atherosclerotic lesion damages the endothelium, intima, and media of the artery. This may lead to restenosis via platelet deposition, mural thrombus formation, and intimal proliferation by mechanisms that appear similar to those causing aortocoronary vein graft (ACVG) occlusions. It had been demonstrated that dipyridamole plus aspirin therapy suppressed these mechanisms of ACVG occlusion in the animal model, prolonged a shortened platelet survival in patients with coronary artery disease, and reduced ACVG occlusions in patients both early and late after the operation. Thus, a trial of these drugs in patients undergoing PTCA was a logical and necessary step to reduce the major shortcoming of the initially successful PTCA therapy, namely the high rate of restenosis.
Randomized, double-blind, fixed sample. Patients were randomized to treatment with dipyridamole plus aspirin or placebo.
Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention
aspirin, dipyridamole, angioplasty, transluminal, percutaneous coronary
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:08-0400
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Dilatation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilatation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of balloon dilatation in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, TRANSLUMINAL, PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY is available.
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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Acute Coronary Syndromes ACS
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) is an umbrella term for situations where the blood supplied to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked. Treatment for acute coronary syndrome includes medicines and a procedure known as angioplasty, during which doctors inflat...