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This project will provide relevant clinical information for primary care practitioners treating alcohol withdrawal syndrome in outpatient settings. This double-blind, placebo- controlled clinical trial will compare the effectiveness of lorazepam (Ativan) and carbamazepine (Tegretol) in alcoholics who meet the criteria for a diagnosis of uncomplicated alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Participants are randomized to five days of treatment with a 1-week posttreatment followup.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
lorazepam (Ativan), carbamazepine (Tegretol)
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T22:00:24-0400
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A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
A benzodiazepine used as an anti-anxiety agent with few side effects. It also has hypnotic, anticonvulsant, and considerable sedative properties and has been proposed as a preanesthetic agent.
An anticonvulsant used to control grand mal and psychomotor or focal seizures. Its mode of action is not fully understood, but some of its actions resemble those of PHENYTOIN; although there is little chemical resemblance between the two compounds, their three-dimensional structure is similar.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE a common weed of the southeast US. There has been folk use for alcoholism and liver protection. It contains puerarin, kakkalide, daidzein (isoflavonoids), and kudzusaponins (oleanene-type triterpene glycosides).
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