Oral Collagen for Rheumatoid Arthritis

2014-07-24 14:36:46 | BioPortfolio


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by swelling and inflammation of the joints. In RA, the immune system attacks a person's own cells inside joints, eventually leading to joint damage and disability. This study will determine if oral bovine type II collagen (bovine CII) will lead to decreased joint inflammation in RA patients.


RA is an inflammatory disease that causes pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function in the joints. The study will evaluate the effects of using oral bovine CII on RA patients by assessing the levels of inflammation markers such as interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). This study is a multicenter clinical trial to be conducted at the University of Tennessee, Memphis (the lead center) and the West Tennessee Medical Specialty Clinic (a collaborating site).

Patients enrolled will be allowed to continue a constant dose of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and prednisone less than or equal to 7.5 mg/day. Patients will be randomly assigned to one of two groups. The low dose group will receive 30 mcg daily for 10 weeks, then 50 mcg daily for 10 weeks, followed by 70 mcg daily for 10 more weeks; the high dose group will receive 90 mcg daily for 10 weeks, then 100 mcg daily for 10 weeks, followed by 130 mcg daily for 10 more weeks. Blood will be collected at screening and at Weeks 10, 20, and 30. Blood will be analyzed for indicators of inflammation.

Note: this trial is no longer being conducted as an intervention trial. Accrual has been discontinued, although patients previously enrolled are still being followed.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Rheumatoid Arthritis


Oral bovine type II collagen


The Arthritis Clinic of Jackson, PLLC
United States




University of Tennessee

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:36:46-0400

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The CD25+/CD4+ T cell ratio and levels of CII, CIX and CXI antibodies in serum may serve as biomarkers of pristane-induced arthritis in rats and Rheumatoid Arthritis in humans.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Arthritis in children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.

Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.

A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.

Historically, a heterogeneous group of acute and chronic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, progressive systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis, etc. This classification was based on the notion that "collagen" was equivalent to "connective tissue", but with the present recognition of the different types of collagen and the aggregates derived from them as distinct entities, the term "collagen diseases" now pertains exclusively to those inherited conditions in which the primary defect is at the gene level and affects collagen biosynthesis, post-translational modification, or extracellular processing directly. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1494)

A fibrillar collagen found widely distributed as a minor component in tissues that contain COLLAGEN TYPE I and COLLAGEN TYPE III. It is a heterotrimeric molecule composed of alpha1(V), alpha2(V) and alpha3(V) subunits. Several forms of collagen type V exist depending upon the composition of the subunits that form the trimer.

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