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Autoimmunity in Inner Ear Disease

2014-07-23 22:00:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether prednisone, methotrexate, and cyclophosphamide are effective in the treatment of rapidly progressive sensorineural hearing loss in both ears. This condition is called autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED), because it is thought that the hearing loss is triggered by an autoimmune process. Treatment attempts to suppress or control this process with powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. This is a Phase III, outpatient study. All study participants will be assigned to one of four different groups testing the experimental use of drugs. The study is scheduled to run for 18 months, with a minimum of 11 visits per participant.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Hearing Loss, Sensorineural

Intervention

Corticosteroids, Methotrexate

Location

House Ear Institute
Los Angeles
California
United States
90057

Status

Terminated

Source

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T22:00:26-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Hearing loss due to damage or impairment of both the conductive elements (HEARING LOSS, CONDUCTIVE) and the sensorineural elements (HEARING LOSS, SENSORINEURAL) of the ear.

Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.

Sensorineural hearing loss which develops suddenly over a period of hours or a few days. It varies in severity from mild to total deafness. Sudden deafness can be due to head trauma, vascular diseases, infections, or can appear without obvious cause or warning.

Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.

Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.

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